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sMpfdkI dI QF / ivsfKI qy ivsLysL / iewk pRsMg df punr kQn

 

- surjIq pfqr

pUrn isMG dI sLfierI:axidsdIaF jLMjIrF Korn vflf mukqI df pRvcn

 

- surjIq pfqr

gujrI mrdI nhIN

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

ikwqf

 

- hrpRIq syKf

iMdgI dy kuJ vrky
aklmMd vI km-aklI idKfAuNdy hn

 

- ipafrf isMG Bogl

(pMjfbIaF leI cfnx dy munfry vrgIaF)
afs dIaF ikrnF jfgIaF

 

- suirMdr pfl isMG mMz (zf[)

hfl myry muklfvy df

 

- amIn milk (lMdn)

myry Gr afeI iewk nMnHIN prI

 

- gurpRIq isMG

ijQy kdy dIp jgdf sI

 

- jsvIr isMG rfxf

nfnI pMjfb kOr

 

- myjr mFgt

apxwq

 

- rCpfl kOr igwl

TMZf syk

 

- suirMdr sohl

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

lVIvfr (axCipaf)nfvl / prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

jwilHaF vfly bfg df awKIN izwTf sfkf

 

- jI afr syTI

sLhId pqI dI lfsL
 

- arjn isMG gVgwj

ividafrQIaF ivc sfihq pVHn df ONk ikvyN jfgy?

 

- milkf mMz

pMjfbIaF df duKLFq

 

- gurdIp ivnIpYWg

mF qUM kihMdI huMdI sI

 

- dyivMdr kOr

DrqI dy hyTF

 

- zf hirBjn isMG

ivsLv dy rMgkrmIaF df idn 27 mfrc ivsLv rMgmMc idvs

 

hIrf rMDfvf

ryq dy Gr

 

ipMRsIpl drsLn nWq

mr geI qfeI inhflo
 

- suirMdr gIq

jsbIr kflrvI, rfjpfl bopfrfey aqy hfimd XjLdfnI pMjfbI klmF dy kfPLly dy rUbrU

 

- jgjIq sMDU

ikvyN BuWl jfvF

 

- hrkIrq sMDr

sLbd joVF dI by-hurmqI

 

- irsLI gulftI

sur dI cot

 

- iekbfl mfhl

pMjfbI gIqF df bfdfh-mfn mrfVF vflf

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYroN (zf)

pTfx dI DI

 

- sujfn isMG

njLm
KLfilsqfn[[[

 

- EaMkfrpRIq

ijn swc pwly ipaf

 

- blbIr isSG atvfl

gLjLl

 

- kml kMg

pfiksqfn Xfqrf

 

- pRimMdr isMG soc

bwucVKfnf

 

- zf[PLkIr cMd sLuklf

BfeI, ikqy qUM gurmiq dI gwl qF nhIN krnI ?

 

- gurrn isMG ksyl

gjLl / nqIjf

 

- sLmsLyr isMG sMDU

pRYs irlIjL

 

- jgjIq nOsLihrvI

quhfzy KLq
 


pfiksqfn Xfqrf

- pRimMdr isMG soc
 

 

muZlI iqafrI
mYN kfPLI virHaF qoN idl ivc iek hsrq leI iPrdf sI ik iksyqrHF mYnUM pfiksqfn ivcly gurduafiraF dy iek vfr Pyr drsLn nsIb ho skx . acfnk zfktr (BfeI) hrbMs lfl hurF vloN afeI iek eI myl rfhIN mYnUM ieh mihsUs hox lg ipaf ik myrI ies rIJ dI pUrqI gurU mhfrfj BfeI hrbMs lfl rfhIN pUrI krvfx dI ibD bxf rhy hn . ieh gl qkrIbn sqMbr 15, 2005 dI hY ijs ivc sUicq kIqf igaf sI ik lfhOr, pfiksqfn ivc gurU nfnk hYrItyj afPL ieMtrPyQ aMzrstYNizMg Pfr hfrmnI aqy pIs Auqy pihlI aMqRrfsLtrI kfnPLRMs 12 qoN 22 nvMbr 2005 nUM ho rhI hY . gl kI, mYN BfvyN ies KusLI ivc muZlIaF iqafrIaF afrMB kr idqIaF, pr aKLIr qk jko qkI krdf irhf . kihMdy hn ik hr gl ivc koeI nf koeI Blf jLrUr huMdf hY . eyny ivc BfeI hrbMs lfl hurF dI iek hor eI myl af geI ik AunHF idnF ivc hI pfiksqfn ivc afey Bucfl dI vjh krky ieh kfnPLRMs hfl dI GVI mulqvI kr idqI geI hY, aqy nvIaF qfrIKLF df aYlfn bfad ivc kIqf jfvygf . aMnf kI Bfly do aWKF . mYN soicaf ik ieh kfnPLRMs myry kr ky hI mulqvI hoeI hY .
KLYr BfeI sfihb dI 10 jnvrI, 2006 nUM iek hor eI myl af geI, ijs ivc AunHF ny Pyr qoN ies kfnPLRMs ivc sLfml hox df sdf Byijaf . sdy ivc myry iek bhuq hI purfxy aqy krIbI dosq s: hrBjn isMG, jo vrlz bYNk, vfisLMgtn, zI[ sI[ ivc syvf krdy sn, df ijLkr sI ik Auh cfhvfn XfqrUaF dy sPLr df pRbMD krngy . mYN JWt kIiqaF AunHF nUM tYlIPon krky puiCaf ik kI Auh vI ies kfnPRMs ivc jfx df ierfdf rKdy hn ? AunHF ny myry Auqy ieh sLrq Tok idqI ik jy mYN clFgf, qF Auh vI jfx dI iqafrI kr lYxgy . ieho gl mYN AunHF Auqy lfgU kr idqI ik jy Auh clxgy qF mYN vI jLrUr clFgf . ies sLrq Auqy asF dohF ny rl ky jfx df mMn bxf ilaf .
ies dOrfn mYN afpxy vzy vIr zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, jo ik gurU nfnk dyv XUnivristI, aMimRqsr dy vfeIs cFslr rih cuky hn, nUM vI mnf ilaf ik Auh vI ies kfnPRMs ivc clx aqy iek pypr vI pysL krn . Auh vI pfiksqfn jfx leI ies sLrq Auqy rfjLI ho gey ik jy mYN vI jfvFgf . mYnUM ies gl dI aiqaMq KLusLI hoeI ik myrI ies PyrI dOrfn myry nfl myrf vzf vIr, BfeI hrbMs lfl, myrf bcpn df dosq hrBjn isMG, zfktr Aujfgr isMG bfvf, brgyzIar zfktr sMgq isMG isaflI, knyzf dy pRisD vkIl zfktr tI sLyr isMG afid sLKLsIaqF hoxgIaF .

pfiksqfn leI vIjLy dI dfsqfn

mYnUM ieMJ jfipaF ik ies vfrI sfry rfh afpxy afp KulHdy jf rhy hn . mYN ies afs ivc ik s: hrBjn isMG mYnUM KLud puCxgy ik mYN pfiksqfn jfx leI vIjLy vfsqy ikvyN aqy kdoN drKLfsq dyxI hY, koeI Auprflf nf kIqf . 8 PrvrI nUM myrI rfcYstr qoN idlI leI Auzfx sI aqy jnvrI dy aKLIrly hPLqy qk myry pfs pfiksqfn jfx vfsqy koeI vIjLf nhIN sI . hfr ky mYN s: hrBjn isMG nfl tYlIPLon rfhIN sMprk kIqf, qF AunHF disaf ik asIN vIjLy leI afpxy afp koisLsL krnI hY . mYnUM inrfsLf hoeI, pr mYN hONslf nf Cizaf . itkt KLrIdI jf cukI sI, pr vIjLf hWQ ivc nhIN sI . mYN ieMtrnYt rfhIN pfiksqfn dI vfisLMgtn vflI vYb sfeIt Auqy jf ky drKLfsq kZI . sxy pfsport aqy bfkI dy dsqfvyjL mukMml krky s: hrBjn isMG nUM 30 jnvrI 2006 nUM PLYzrl aYkspRYs rfhIN Byj idqy . 31 jnvrI dI svyr nUM Auh myry pypr lY ky pfiksqfn sPLfrqKLfny gey, pr myry grIn kfrz dI axhoNd krky Auh kuJ nf kr sky . AunHF ny bfad dupihr mYnUM eI myl rfhIN disaf ik mYN qurq afpxy grIn kfrz dI nkl sPLfrqKLfny nUM PLYks krF . mYN ibnF iksy dyrI dy loVINdf dsqfvyjL sPLfrqKLfny nUM PLYks krn ipCoN jnfb jfvyd akrm sfihb, vIjLf aPLsr, nUM tYlIPon krky puiCaf . AunHF ikhf ik ies vkq AunHF pfs myrI PfeIl nhIN phuMcI, ies leI mYN AunHF nUM agly idn tYlIPLon krF.
agly idn pihlI PLrvrI nUM mYN jnfb jfvyd akrm sfihb nUM tYlIPLon kIqf, qF AunHF vloN koeI AuqsLfhjnk juafb nf imilaf . BfvyN myrI pRysLfnI vDdI jf rhI sI, pr mYN ihMmq nf CzI . mYN sfrf idn pfiksqfn sPLfrqKLfny tYlIPLon krdf irhf . rIsYpsLn Auqy iek mulfjLm mdIhf nfm dI bcI nfl myrI bfr bfr gl huMdI rhI, jo ik byhd mdmdgfr sfbq hoeI . Aus ny nf kyvl mYnUM bfr bfr ieh slfh idqI ik mYN AunHF dy afalf aPLsrF nfl gl krF, sgoN Auh mYnUM AunHF nfl tYlIPLon Auqy imlf vI idMdI rhI .

ieQy iek idlcsp gl dsxI jLrUrI hY . jd tYlIPLon Auqy mdIhf mYnUM iek imMt vfsqy rukx leI kihMdI, qF rIkfrz kIqy pMjfbI dy iek msLhUr gIq df ibnF bolF qoN isrPL sMgIq hI suxfeI idMdf sI. gIq sI: lMG af jf pqx JnF df Xfr, lMG af jf pqx JnF df . mYN ies gIq dy bolF dI afV lY ky hr iek aiDkfrI nUM ieh ikhf: beI qusIN rIkrz hoey gfxy rfhIN JnFN nUM pfr krn dI dfavq qF idMdy ho, aqy mYN JnF df pqx lMGx leI iqafr vI bYTf hF, pr hux jy qusIN mYnUM vIjLy vflf bfjLU PVfEgy, qF hI JnF lMG skFgf nf . myry ies ipafr Bry ivaMg Auqy Auh hs pYNdy aqy KLusL slUkI nfl pysL afAuNdy . ijnHF aiDkfrIaF nfl myrI Aupr Qly gl bfq huMdI rhI, AunHF ivc jnfb gLul KLqfb abfsI sfihb aqy zfktr suhyl KLfn sfihb df KLfs qOr Auqy ijLkr krnf jLrUrI hY . ienHF qoN ielfvf myrI kuJ hor mulfjLmF nfl vI gl bfq huMdI rhI, ijnHF ivc zfktr suhyl KLfn sfihb dI sYktrI ims sUjLn aqy KLfildf vI sLfml hn .

jnfb gLul KLqfb abfsI sfihb bVy KusL imjfjL aqy mddgfr sjx hn . Auh myry nfl pUrI hmdrdI rKdy rhy aqy vIjLf idvfAuyx ivc hr mumikn koisLsL krdy rhy . 2 PrvrI nUM AunHF ny mYnUM disaf ik zfktr suhyl KLfn sfihb cfhuMdy hn ik mYN vfisLMgtn ivc AunHF dy rUbrU pysL hovF ikAuNik Auh myrI ieMtrvIAU lYxf cfhuMdy hn . mYN abfsI sfihb nUM ikhf ik mYN pfiksqfn df sLihrI bnx leI drKLfsq nhIN idqI, kyvl 10 idnF dy vIjLy leI gujLfirsL kIqI hY . AunHF ny msLvrf idqf ik mYN KLud zfktr suhyl KLfn sfihb nfl gl krF . pihlF qF zfktr KLfn ny mYnUM eyny QohVy smyN ivc vIjLf dyx qoN asmrQf jLfihr kIqI, pr myrI kfnPRMs ivc sLmUlIaq dI KLfihsL nUM mdy njLr rWK ky AunHF ny mYnUM ikhf ik mYN AunHF nUM 6 PrvrI nUM tYlIPon krF . ikAuNik 8 PrvrI nUM myrI rfcYstr qoN Auzfx sI, ies leI myry koloN sbr nhIN sI ho irhf .

pfiksqfn jfx leI vIjLy dI mnjLUrI


mYN 3 PrvrI nUM Pyr jnfb abfsI sfihb aqy zfktr suhyl KLfn sfihb nUM tYlIPon kIqf . myrI KusLI dI koeI ieMqhf nf rhI, jd AunHF ny mYnUM disaf ik AunHF ny mYnUM pfiksqfn ivc ikqy vI jfx df iek mhIny df vIjLf dy idqf hY . mYN AunHF df qih idloN sLukrIaf adf kIqf aqy bynqI kIqI ik Auh myry Krcy Auqy mYnUM myrf pfsport smyq vIjLy dy PYzrl aYkspRYs rfhIN Byj dyx . jnfb abfsI sfihb bhuq imhrbfn sn, AunHF ny jLfqI idlcspI lYky mYnUM Ausy idn vIjLf Byj ky myry Auqy bhuq vWzf aihsfn kIqf. agly idn 4 mfrc sLnIvfr nUM myry Gr vIjLf phuMc igaf aqy mYN jfx dI iqafrI ivc juWt ipaf .

rfcYstr qoN rvfngI


8 PrvrI 2006 nUM XUnfeItz eyarlfeInjL df jhfjL PV ky mYN rfcYstr qoN isLkfgo, aqy isLkfgo qoN PrYNkPrt aqy PrYNkPrt qoN nvIN idlI leI rvfnf ho igaf . mYN hfly isLkfgo dy hvfeI aWzy Auqy phuMcf hI sI ik zfktr hrbMs lfl hurF df tYlIPon af igaf . AunHF ny mYnUM puiCaf ik mYN iks idn pfiksqfn phuMc irhf hF . mYN disaf ik 16 PrvrI nUM lfhOr phuMc jfvFgf . AunHF ny mYnUM ieh pysLksL idqI ik mYN AunHF nfl hI 13 PrvrI nUM pfiksqfn clF . mYN ies pysLksL nUM DMnBfg smJ ky svIkfr kr ilaf . 10 PrvrI nUM qVHksfr mYN idlI phuMc igaf, ijQy mYnMU myry vzy vIr zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, jo gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI dy vfeIs cFslr rih cuky hn, lYx leI phuMcy hoey sn . asIN dovyN vIr svyr dI sLqfbdI aYkspRYs lY ky bfad dupihr aMimRqsr phuMc gey .

aMimRqsr phuMc


agly idn 11 PrvrI nUM myry vzy vIr nUM spirMg zyl skUl dy ipRMsIpl vloN rfq dy Kfxy dI dfavq Auqy sdf afieaf . ieh dfavq sRI nnkfxf sfihb qoN sRI aMimRqsr afeI pihlI isDI ajLmfiesLI bs syvf ivc afey KLfs mihmfnF nUM KLusLfmdId kihx leI rKI geI sI . ieh bs pfiksqfn sYr spftf dy mYnyijMg zfierYktr brgyzIar cODrI hfisLm KLfn dI agvfeI hyT vfhgf srhWd rfhIN 10 mYNbrI vPLd smyq aMimRqsr phuMcI sI . ies vPLd ivc mhjLbI mfmilaF bfry iek jfieMt skqr, jLuliPLkfr hfimd, sInIar suprtYNzYNt pulIs sRI nnkfxf sfihb, KLfild aihmd KLfn, izptI kimsLnr sRI nnkfxf sfihb, pIr muhMmd KLfn, suhyl musLqfk, muhMmd anvr sfijd, PjLIl asgr, arsLd alI, muhMmd Ausmfn muaWjm aqy nsIr sLfh sLfml sn . ies vPLd ny Aus smyN isWKF pRqI afpxI ijLMdf idlI aqy KLlUs df iek aihm sbUq pysL kIqf, jo lfimsfl hY . AunHF ny pfiksqfn qoN qurn qoN pihlF soicaf ik Auh afpxy isK vIrF vfsqy kI lY ky jfx . AunHF nUM iKLafl afieaf ik ijvyN muslmfnF leI mky df jLum jLum (aMimRq) iek bVI muqbrk cIjL hY, iesyqrHF isKF leI pMjf sfihb df aMimRq iek pivqR cIjL hY . AunHF ny imnrl pfxI Brn vflI iek kMpnI nUM afdysL idqf ik Auh sRI pMjf sfihb dy pivqR aMimRq dIaF boqlF iqafr krn . ies kMpnI ny 125 mIl dUr afpxf trWk Byj ky aMimRq ilaFdf aqy AunHF nUM pRoPYsLnl qrIky nfl vzIaF boqlF ivc bfkfiedf sIl krky iqafr kIqf . pfiksqfn qoN afey ies vPLd dy nyqf ibRgyzIar cODrI hfisLm KLfn ny sRI pMjf sfihb dy aMimRq dIaF ieh boqlF KLud afpxy mubfrk hQF nfl sfnUM idqIaF . AunHF ny Aus smyN hfjLr hoey lokF nUM muKLfqb huMidaF ieh vI ikhf ik jy isK BfeIcfrf aMimRq dIaF ienHF boqlF df cfhvfn hovy, qF Auh afpxy isK vIrF aqy BYxF nUM ibnF kImq qoN ieh boqlF dyx nUM iqafr hn . AunHF ny ikhf ik ijMnf aimRq cfho, Auh KLusLI nfl ieh iKLdmq krn nUM iqafr hn. ienHF boqlF Auqy bfkfiedf Cpy hoey lybl lgy hoey hn, ijnHF Auqy pfk-pMjf-afb aqy aMimRq sLbd ilKy hoey hn . ienHF lyblF Aupr sRI gurU nfnfk dyv jI dI qsvIr vI CpI hoeI hY. ieh boqlF pfiksqfn tUirjLm ivkfs kfrporysLn vloN sfzy isWK vIrF aqy BYxF nUM muqbrk qohPLf hY .asIN aMimRq dIaF ieh boqlF kbUl kr ky afpxy afp nUM bhuq KLusLiksmq smiJaf . pfiksqfn aiDkfrIaF nfl ies sLfm ivc mYnUM aMimRqsr dy aYs aYs pI, s: brfV aqy izptI kimsLnr aMimRqsr nUM imlx aqy iek dUjy nfl glbfq krn df smF vI imilaf . ieh sLfm kfPLI suhfvxI ho inbVI . ies jsLn ivc myrI sLmUlIaq myry vzy vIr dI bdOlq hoeI .


aMimRq dIaF boqlF Aupr CWpy lybl:
pfk-pMjf-afb aMimRq aqy sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI dI qsvIr

lfhOr leI rvfnf

12 PrvrI dI sLfm nUM BfeI hrbMs lfl aMimRqsr phuMc gey sn aqy 13 PrvrI dI svyr nUM mYN afpxf sUtkys iqafr krky AunHF dy itkfxy phMc igaf . AunHF dy mIjLbfn guxvIr isMG ny sfnUM afpxI kfr aqy zrfeIvr rfhIN vfhgf bfrzr Auqy phuMcf idqf . asIN Bfrq vfly pfisEN iemIgrysLn aqy kstm ivBfg dy aiDkfrIaF qoN afpxy pfsport aqy vIjLy cYk krvf ky pfiksqfn dy iemIgrysLn aqy kstm aiDkfrIaF kol phuMcy qF ieMJ mihsUs hoieaf ik AunHF dI idlcspI sfzy dsqfvyjL dyKx ivc GWt sI, pr sfzI jyb ivc ijLafdf . Auh spsLWt qOr Auqy kih rhy sn ik sfnUM cfh pfxI leI kuJ dy jfE . mYN afpxy asUlF muqfbk AunHF dI khI nUM axsuixaf smJ ky kuJ vI nf idqf . mYnUM aYsy iBRsLtfcfrI ivvhfr qoN qklIPL hoeI ik ies iksm dy lok afpxI jLmIr nUM ikvyN kucl ky afpxf jIvn ibqf rhy hn .

pfiksqfn dI iPLjLf ivc


KLYr nfl asIN ienHF aPsrF qoN inkl ky pfiksqsfn dI KulHI iPLjLf ivc afey, qF agy aWlf idqf afpxy hWQ ivc sfzy nfm dI qKLqI PV ky sfzI ieMqjLfr kr irhf sI . Aus ny sfzf smfn afpxI kfr ivc riKaf aqy sfnUM lfhOr vflI sVk Auqy DUVF AuzFdf hoieaf lY quiraf . lfhOr ivc aqy aMimRqsr ivc sfnUM koeI bhuqf PLrk nhIN lgf, isvfey iesdy ik ijLafdf qr pfiksqfnI avfmI pusLfk pihndy hn, aorqF burikaF ivc njLr afAuNdIaF hn, dukfnF dy bhuqy sfeIn AurdU ivc hn . bfkI sfrf kuJ ihMdusqfn nfl imldf juldf sI. Auho GWtf imtI, QF QF Auqy gMdgI dy Zyr, Auho bolI, Auho ijhIaF gflF, Auho ijhf ipafr, Auho ijhf KLlUs, Auho ijhy pMjfbI gfxy, sB kuJ qkrIbn iek jYsf sI. ijho jyhI kosI aqy inGI inGI DWup aMimRqsr ivc sI, Auho ijhf hI inWG lfhOr, pfiksqfn ivc sI . afiKLr hY qF pMjfb hI dovyN qrPL .

lfhOr ivc PLsfd

ieh ieqPLfk dI gl sI ik ijs idn asIN lfhOr phuMcy Ausy idn lfhOr ivc zYnmfrk aqy hor XUrpI dysLF dy aKLbfrF ivc hjLrq muhMmd sfihb dI sLfn ivruD byhUdf kfrtUn Cfpx dy ros vjoN mujLfhry ho rhy sn . sfzy zrfeIvr nUM QF QF Auqy ho rhy mujLfhiraF aqy kuJ curfihaF ivc aWgF lfky puqilaF nUM sfVn dIaF vfrdfqF krky do iqMn vfrI rsqf bdl ky lfhOr vl ruKL krnf ipaf . afKLrkfr asIN 37 isivk sYNtr, aYm blfk, mfzl tfAUn aYkstYnsLn, lfhOr ivc jf phuMcy aqy hotl aYlpfeIn dy iek kmry ivc Tihrf kIqf . hotl dy nfl dI iemfrq ivc sRI nnkfxf sfihb PfAUNzysLn df dPLqr hY, ijQy mYN pihlI vfr zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN nUM imilaf. ieh gl aMdfjLn 1966-67 dI hovygI . zfktr iZloN sfihb dy nfl nfl jnfb cODrI hfimd alI KLfn nUM vI imlx df mOkf imilaf . cODrI sfihb nUM sfry lok krnl sfihb kih ky bulfAuNdy sn . Auh bVy imlfpVy sjx hn aqy hr qrHF dI sMBv mdd dyx leI hmysLF qqpr rihMdy sn. mihmfn invfjLI vloN AunHF ny iksy iksm dI koeI ksr nhIN rihx idqI . dupihr df Bojn krvfAux ipCoN asIN hotl aYlpfeIn dy afpxy kmry ivc af gey . sbWb nfl mYN aqy BfeI hrbMs lfl iek hI kmry ivc Tihry . iesdf sB qoN vzf lfB ieh hoieaf ik AunHF nfl gurbfxI aqy isWK ieiqhfs Auqy crcy huMdy rhy . ies sMgq qoN asIN pUrf pUrf lfB AuTfieaf . kfPLI geI rfq qk asIN isK ieiqhfs aqy gurmq Auqy crcf krdy rihMdy.

hor mulfkfqF

ienHF idnF ivc hI zfktr lfl hurF ny mYnUM zfktr jLPLr cImf, zfierYktr idafl isMG trst lfiebryrI, lfhOr, zfktr iekbfl kYsr, mYnyijMg trstI, pMjfbI Koj Gr, zfktr sLfiesqf nujLhq, ijnHF ny sUPI mq Auqy pI aYc zI kIqI hY, bIbI sqnfm kOr huMzl, bIbI, pRDfn pfiksqfn isK aYsosIeysLn, bIbI kMvl kOr, jnfb aYm aYm KLfn, mYNbr PYzrl pbilk srivs kimsLn, ieslfmfbfd afid keI hor muhqrb sLKLsIaqF nfl jfx pihcfx krvfeI . iek idn zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN ny sfzf pfiksqfn dy mrhUm sdr, jnfb ijLaf-Aul-hk dy spuqR jnfb ijLaf-Aul-hWk nfl vI quafrPL krvfieaf.

pfiksqfn ivc ihMsk JVpF

AunHF idnF ivc zYnmfrk aqy hor XUrpI mulkF ivc hjLrq muhMmd sfihb bfry nfKLusLgvfr kfrtUn Cpx krky pfiksqfn dy aMdrUnI hflfq kfPLI Krfb ho gey sn . mujLfhrIn aqy ihMsk hjUm qoV BMn aqy aWgF lfx ivc lgy hoey sn . BVky hoey hjUm ny lLfhOr dy asYNblI hfl, istI bYNk, mYkzfnlz, ky aYP sI rYstorYNtF aqy hor iemfrqF nUM aWgF vI lgfeIaF . pulIs mukfbly ivc duqrPLI kuJ mOqF vI hoeIaF . sfry pfiksqfn ivc ies vihsLIpuxy df nMgf nfc hoxf sLurU ho igaf . ivgVdy hflfq nUM mdy njLr rKidaF sfnUM ieh vI pqf nhIN sI ik sfzI kfnPLRMs inXukq QF aqy smyN isr ho vI skygI ik nhIN .

16 PrvrI nUM myry vzy vIr ny aMimRqsr qoN iesy kfnPLRMs ivc sLfml hox aqy afpxf Koj pWqr pVHn leI rvfnf hoxf sI aqy mYN iek qrHF nfl koisLsL krdf irhf ik Auh aMimRqsr qoN lfhOr leI rvfnf nf hox . pr ieMny nUM AunHF dI CotI bytI mInU dI eI myl af geI ik Auh GroN qur cuky hn aqy bfrzr Auqy qkrIbn iek vjy phuMc jfxgy.

kfnPRMs leI muZlI mIitMg

ies idn dupihr dy Kfxy qoN AupRMq jnfb krnl hfimd alI KLfn dy dPLqr ivc zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN ny kfnPLRMs dy sbMD ivc mIitMg bulfeI, ijs ivc zfktr (BfeI) hrbMs lfl, pRoPYsr aYmfrfeIts afPL PLfrmfkflojI aqy nIAUrosfieMs, XUnIvristI afPL nfrQ tYksfs, amrIkf aqy pRoPYsr aYmfrfeIts gurU nfnk stzIjL ivBfg, gurU nfnk dyv XUnivristI, aMimRqsr, zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, sfbkf vfeIs cFslr gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI, aMimRqsr, sfeIkYtirst brgyzIar sMgq isMG isaflI, zfktr Aujfgr isMG bfvf, zfktr divMdr isMG cfhl, afstrylIaf qoN srdfrnI jsbIr kOr isMG, zfktr inrml isMG, zfktr kuldIp isMG hMjn aqy ies lyK dy lyKk sLfml hoey. ies mIitMg dI pRDfngI zfktr iZloN sfihb ny kIqI, ijs ivc AunHF ny sRI nnkfxf sfihb PfAUNzysLn nUM ipCly keI sflF qoN drpysL afeIaF musLklF aqy pRfpqIaF dohF df ijLkr kIqf . AunHF ny PfAUNzysLn dy agoN leI imQy tIicaF df ijLkr vI kIqf . ies PfAUNzysLn df mksd pfiksqfn ivcly isWK ieiqhfisk gurduafiraF dI gurmq anusfr dyK ryK aqy syvf sMBfl df kMm krnf hY . zfktr iZloN ny isafsq qoN bhuq Aucy AuT ky ies syvf df bIVf cuikaf hoieaf hY.

mIitMg qoN ipCoN ieh PYslf vI hoieaf ik aglI Blk 17 PrvrI nUM asIN sfry zYlIgyt lfhOr sLihr ivcly ieiqhfsk gurduafiraF dy drsLn kr afeIey .

lfhOr ivc siQq gurduafiraF dy drsLn

asIN sfry hotl aYlpfeIn ivc Tihry hoey sI, ijsdI lfbI ivc aglI svyr nUM asIN sfry iekTy ho gey aqy zfktr hrbMs lfl hurF ny mYnUM ies jQy dI agvfeI krn dI syvf sONp idqI . zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN ny mYnMU lfhOr ivcly gurduafiraF aqy kuJ hor vyKx Xog QfvF dI sUcI idqI aqy afdysL idqf ik jQy dy mYNbrF nUM ienHf QfvF dy drsLn krvf idaF . asIN sfry cfrtr kIqI geI iek bs ivc svfr ho gey aqy gurduafiraF dy drsLnF leI rvfnf ho gey .

bs sVkF AuqoN huMdI hoeI afpxy rsqy qurI jf rhI sI aqy XfqrI afps ivc glF krdy hoey msrUPL sn . mYN bs dy sLIisLaF ivcoN bfhr dI Jfkdf hoieaf lfhOr sLihr nUM smJx dI koisLsL krdf irhf. lfhOr sLihr dIaF KulLIaF sVkF Auqy KulHI qbIaq dy lok ivcr rhy sn . sLihr ivc gihmf gihm aqy cihl pihl sI . bsF, kfrF, afto irkisLaF dI Brmfr sI . lgfqfr hfrn vjx dIaF avfjLF suxfeI idMdIaF sn . kfPLilaF vFg lok pYdl vI qury jf rhy sn. hr iek cONk jF trYiPLk lfeIt vflIaF QfvF Auqy mMgiqaF, jF Pul aqy aKLbfrF vycx vfly vI mOjUd sn . ienHF mMgiqaF ivc aksr burky vflIaF jLnfnIaF vI njLr afAuNdIaF sn . mjLydfr gl ieh sI ik BIV BVky vflf sLihr vI dupfsI sVkF ivc vMizaf hoieaf sI. afvf jfeI leI dUhrIaF, qIhrIaF, jF ikqy ikqy cOhrIaF sVkF vI sLihr ivc idKfeI idMdIaF sn . luqPL vflI gl ieh sI ik ieh sVkF afx aqy jfx vflI tRYiPLk leI aWz aWz sn . sLihr ivc QF QF Auqy pfxI dy Puhfry cldy njLr afAuNdy hn, jo ies sLihr dI KLUbsUrqI nUM hor vI cfr cMd lfAuNdy hn . bcpn ivc ieh gl suxI Xfd af jFdI hY ik ijs sLKLs ny lfhOr nhIN vyiKaf, Auh jMimaf hI nhIN . ieh aWj vI sWc hY . lfhOr dI KubsUrqI aqy dWK aWj vI mn nUM luBfAuNdI hY . hovy vI ikAuN nf ieh sLihr vsdy rsdy aqy axvMzy pMjfb dI sdIaF qk rfjDfnI irhf hY. ieh sLihr mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG df sLihr irhf hY . aWj vI ies sLihr ivc mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dIaF byieMqhf insLfnIaF vyKx nUM imldIaF hn . imsfl dy qOr Auqy mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI smfD aqy ieiqhfsk ikly ivc peIaF AusdIaF byaMq XfdgfrF . ieh sLihr aWj vI lihMdy pMjfb dI rfjDfnI hY . ies sLihr ivc pMjfb dy asYNblI hfl dI iemfrq, istI bYNk smyq keI hor ivdysLI bYNk, mYkzfnlz, ky aYP sI vrgy amrIkI rYstorYNt vI vyKx nUM imldy hn . iesdy nfl hI keI curfihaF ivc bkrIaF dy iejV Kloqy vI njLr afAuNdy hn . purfxI nfnk sLfhI iet dIaF iemfrqF vI ivc ivc idKfeI idMdIaF hn . mukdI gl hr pWKoN ieh sLihr idlcsp lgdf hY . ies sLihr df iek afpxf ieiqhfs hY, iek afpxI invyklI iksm dI sLKLsIaq hY. idl krdf hY ik ies sLihr df cWpf cWpf gfh ky ies dy idl dI DVkx nUM hr qrHF nfl suixaf jfvy .

gurduafrf sRI zyhrf sfihb, lfhOr
KLYr bs GuMmdI GumfAuNdI afiKLr gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb, ijQy pMcm siqgurU sRI gurU arjn dyv jI nUM qsIhy dy dy ky sLhId kIqf igaf sI, jf phuMcI . bs ivcoN Auqr ky asIN sfry zYlIgyt gurduafrf sfihb aMdr dfKLl hoey, ijQy jnfb ajLhr abfs, jo ies gurU Gr dI vkPL borz vloN syvf sMBfl krdy hn, ny sfzf suafgq kIqf . Auh sfzy nfl ho qury aqy sfnUM gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb, gurduafry ivclI bOlI, jo hux jl qoN rihq aqy mukMml qOr Auqy suWkI peI hY, dy drsLn krvfey. ieh vI pqf cilaf ik pfiksqfn hkUmq vloN gurU Gr nfl lgdI muWK sVk Auqy KflI peI 2 eykV jLmIn gurduafrf sfihb nUM idqI jf rhI hY . isK sMgqF pfiksqfn srkfr df ies PLrfKL idlI leI sLukrgujLfr hn . ies sfl jUn ivc sRI gurU arjn dyv jI df 400 sflf sLhIdI purb af irhf hY, ies mOky Auqy pfiksqfn srkfr df ieh qohPLf pRsLMsf jnk hY . Bfrq pfiksqfn dovyN srkfrF ies gurpurb nUM sFJy XqnF nfl mnf rhIaF hn .

ieh pfvn asQfn sLfhI msijd dy nfl aqy sLfhI ikly dy aYn sfhmxy vfikaf hY . ieQy rojLfnf sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df rojLfnf pRkfsL huMdf hY . isWK sMgqF dUr durfizEN ies asQfn dy drsLnF leI afAuNdIaF rihMdIaF hn . gurU kf lMgr hmysLF iqafr rihMdf hY, jo afeIaF sMgqF nUM bVy ipafr aqy sLrDf nfl Ckfieaf jFdf hY . isWK qvfrIKL ivc ies pivqR gurduafry dI bhuq mhfnqf hY, ikAuNik isKF dy sLRomxI isK gurU, sRI gurU arjn dyv jI nUM axmnuKI qsIhy dy ky iesy QF Auqy sLhId kIqf sI .

jhFgIr afpxI svYjIvnI qujLky jhFgIrI ivc PLfrsI jLubfn ivc KLud ilKdf hY ik Ausny sRI gurU arjn dyv jI nUM ikvyN sLhId krn leI hukm jfrI kIqf sI . Ausdf pMjfbI ivc qrjmF ies pRkfr hY:

goieMdvfl ivc, jo ibafs diraf dy iknfry vfikaf hY, iek ihMdU arjn nfm df pIrF vfly Bys ivc rihMdf hY . nf kyvl bhuq sfry isDy sfdy ihMdU, sgoN bysmJ qy murk muslmfn vI Aus dy qrIky apxf rhy hn . Aus dI KLudf rsIdgI df bhuq Aucf vijaf hoieaf hY . lok AusnUM gurU afKdy hn . sfiraF pfisaF qoN JUT dy pujfrI Aus kol af ky Aus Aupr Brosf pRgt krdy hn .iqMn cfr pusLqF qoN Aus dI ieh dukfn grm hY .kfPLI icr qoN mYnUM iKLafl af irhf sI ik Aus dI dukfn bMd kr dyvF jF Aus nUM dIn ieslfm ivc lY afvF . ienHF idnF ivc hI Kusro ieQoN dI diraf pfr hoieaf . Kusro ny ieQy pVf kIqf qF ieh AusnUM jf imilaf qy Aus nfl keI glF kIqIaF qy Aus dy mQy Auqy kysr df iqlk lgfieaf, jo ihMdUaF ivc sLuB sLgn igixaf jFdf hY . ieh gl myry kMnI peI . mYN pihlF hI ies JUT dI dukffn qoN jfxU sF, mYN hukm idqf ik Aus (sRI gurU arjn dyv jI) nUM hfjLr kro . Aus dy Gr-Gft aqy bfl bicaF nUM murqjLf KLfn dy hvfly kr idE . Aus dy mfl jfiedfd nUM jLbq krky mYN hukm idqf ik Aus nUM qsIhy dy ky kql kr idqf jfvy .


gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb, pMcm siqgurF df sLhIdI asQfn

jhFgIr df hukm pf ky cMdU gurU jI nUM lY igaf qy mn afey ksLt dyx lg ipaf . Ausny gurU sfihb nUM pihlF pfxI dI AubldI dygL ivc ibTfieaf aqy Pyr qWqI qvI Auqy ibTf ky srIr Auqy sVdI sVdI ryq pfky gLYr mnuKI qsIhy idqy .


jnfb ajLhr abfs aqy pRimMdr isMG soc

gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb aMdr pRvysL krn Auqy sfnUM iek nOjuafn isK nUM sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI qfibaf bYiTaF aqy pfT kridaF vyK ky aiqaMq KusLI hoeI . puCx Auqy pqf lgf ik Aus df nfm mnor isMG hY aqy Aus df lfhOr sLihr dy gulbrgL ielfky ivc kroVF ruipaF df kpVy df ivAupfr hY . Auh hr rojL gurU Gr af ky pfT krn dI syvf krdf hY . ies nOjuafn bcy df iek sPLl kfrobfrI hox dy nfl nfl pUrn isWKI srUp ivc rihxf aqy isKI dI sLfn nUM brkrfr rKxf vI bhuq cMgf lgf .


mnor isMG, mflk isMG bRdrjL, lfhOr
gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb ivc pfT dI syvf kr irhf hY

Aus qoN bfad AunHF ny mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG, AuNnHF dy spuWqr, mhfrfjf KVk isMG, poqrf kMvr nOinhfl isMG dIaF nflo nflo smfDF aqy mhfrfxI ijMdF dI vKry QF smfD ivKfeI aqy ieiqhfs dy AunHF Buly cuky aqy ivsry hoey pMinaF qoN muV jfxU krvfieaf, ijsdI Xfd DuMdlI ho cukI sI . AunHF ny sfzI Xfd nUM muV qoN qro qfjLf kIqf aqy AuQoN dy ieiqhfs bfry BrpUr jfxkfrI vI idqI . AunHF ny ikly df Auh ieiqhfsk rosLnfeI drvfjLf vI idKfieaf, ijQy zogiraF ny sfijsL nfl kMvr nOinhfl isMG Auqy Aus smyN ies kMD dI isl aqy ietF df mlbf suWt idqf sI, jdoN Auh afpxy ipqf, mhfrfjf KVk isMG dI icKf nUM agnI ivKf ky afpxy mhWl vl muV rhy sn . iesqrHF zogiraF dI sfjLsL krky ipqf aqy puqr do GMitaF dy vkPLy nfl sLhId kIqy gey sn, ijs nfl isWK rfj dIaF kMDF iek dm ihlx lg peIaF .


smfD mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG, ijs aMdr mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG, mhfrfjf sLyr isMG, kMvr nOinhfl isMG aqy mhfrfxI ijMdF dIaF smfDF hn

jnfb ajLhr abfs sfihb gurmuKI ilpI ivc pMjfbI ilK aqy pVH vI lYNdy hn . ies gl df mYnUM AudoN pqf lgf jd AunHF ny mYnUM afpxf nfm gurmuKI ivc ilK ky idqf aqy nfl hI AunHF ny mYnMUU AuQoN dy gurduafrf sfihb dIaF afrt pypr Auqy bVIaF sLfndfr CpIaF qsvIrF df iek sYt vI Byt kIqf, ijs leI mYN AunHF df qih idloN sLukrgujLfr hF .


rosLnfeI drvfjLy hyT kMvr nOinhfl isMG nUM sLhId kIqf igaf sI

gurduafrf jnm asQfn sRI gurU rfmdfs jI
asIN gurduafrf zyhrf sfihb dy drsLnF qoN bfad gurduafrf jnm asQfn sRI gurU rfmdfs jI dy drsLnF leI rvfnf ho gey. ieh gurduafrf cUnf mMzI ivc siQq hY . sRI gurU rfmdfs jI ny ies gRih ivKy 24 sqMbr 1534 nUM jnm ilaf sI aqy jIvn dy pihly sq sfl ieQy hI gujLfry sn . ies gurduafry dI AusfrI mhfrfxI dfqfr kOr ny afpxy spuqR mhfrfjf KVk isMG dy pYdf hox dI KusLI ivc krvfeI sI . aj kl ies gurU Gr dI syvf sMq jgqfr isMG krvf rhy hn . gurU Gr dI mirXfdf nUM mdy njLr rKidaF ihMdusqfn qoN isK kfrIgr, rfjgIr, qrKfx afid ies gurduafry dI syvf ivc juty hoey hn, qF ik rhu rIqF dI AulMGxf nf hovy, jdoN ik mjLdUr lfhOr qoN ley gey hn . syvf kridaf hoieaF koeI vI mjLdUr nMgy isr nhIN huMdf aqy nf hI Auh isgrt nosL huMdy hn . ieslfm Drm muqfbk pfiksqfn ivc sLrfb pIx Auqy vYsy hI pfbMdI hY . ieh gurduafrf AusfrI aDIn hY . mukMml hox Auqy ieh iek aflIsLfn gurduafrf bx jfvygf . asIN ies gurU Gr dI purfxI iemfrq dI qsvIr ilafAux ivc vI sPLl hoey hF, jo ik kfPLI Ksqf hflq ivc sI.

syvfdfr afpxf lMgr afp iqafr krdy hn . afp Ckdy, sQfnk mjLdUrF aqy afey gey XfqrIaF nUM bVI sLrDf Bfv nfl CkfAuNdy hn . sfnUM vI AunHF ny bVy pRym nfl grm grm cfh bxf ky CkfeI .


nvF Ausr irhf gurduafrf, jnm asQfn sRI gurU rfmdfs jI

ieQy ieh gl Kfs vrnx Xog hY ik iesy ieiqhfsk gurduafry ivc hI isMG sBf lihr df jnm hoieaf sI . ieh gurduafrf bVy BIV BVWky vfly bfjLfr ivc vfikaf hY . disaf jFdf hY ik ieh bfjLfr kpVy dI sB qoN vzI mMzI hY, ijQoN hr iksm dy gfhk nUM hr iksm df kpVf iml jFdf hY .


gurduafrf sfihb dI purfqn iemfrq
jnm asQfn sRI gurU rfm dfs jI, cUnf mMzI, lfhOr

gurduafrf sLhIdgMj isMG isMGxIaF
jnm asQfn sRI gurU rfm dfs jI dy drsLnF qoN ipCoN asIN lMzf bfjLfr ivc siQq gurduafrf sLhId gMj dy drsLnF leI rvfnf ho gey . ieh Auh gurduafrf hY, ijQy lfhOr dy gvrnr mIr mnMU ny hjLfrF hI isMGF aqy isMGxIaF Auqy jLulm Zfhy aqy AunHF nUM sLhId kr idqf . Ausny ksm KfDI sI ik Auh isWKF df nfmo insLfn imtf dyvygf . ieQy hI isMGxIaF ny svf svf mx pIsx pIh ky KMnI KMnI rotI Auqy gujLfrf kIqf aqy afpxyy ijgr dy tukiVaF dy tukVy tukVy krvf ky afpxy glF ivc hfr puafey . AunHF isMGxIaF ny muglF dI eIn nf mMnI aqy afpxf isKI isdk kfiem riKaf . aWj isK hr rojL afpxI ardfs ivc AunHF dy ies isdk aqy AunHF dI byimsfl kurbfnI df ijLkr krdf hY . ieQy bhuq sLfndfr gurduafrf qfmIr kIqf igaf hY . nvyN gurduafrf sfihb dy nfl nfl Bory ivc Auh purfxf kfrKfs vI hY, ijQy isMGxIaF Auqy jLulm Zfhy gey sn . ies QF Auqy phuMc ky gc Br jFdf hY ik ikvyN ienHF mfqfvF ny isWKI dIaF amIr pRMprfvF nUM kfiem riKaf . ieh sc isMGxIaF Auqy pUrf Zukdf hY: myrf isr jfvy qF jfvy, myrf isKI isdk nf jfvy .


gurduafrf sLhId gMj isMG isMGxIaF dI purfqn iemfrq


gurduafrf sLhId gMj isMGxIaF dI nvIN bxI iemfrq


sLhIdgMj gurduafrf sfihb ivKy sLsoBq ilKq
gumrfh peI kOm nUM jgf rhI hY

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