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sMpfdkI dI QF / ivsfKI qy ivsLysL / iewk pRsMg df punr kQn

 

- surjIq pfqr

pUrn isMG dI sLfierI:axidsdIaF jLMjIrF Korn vflf mukqI df pRvcn

 

- surjIq pfqr

gujrI mrdI nhIN

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

ikwqf

 

- hrpRIq syKf

iMdgI dy kuJ vrky
aklmMd vI km-aklI idKfAuNdy hn

 

- ipafrf isMG Bogl

(pMjfbIaF leI cfnx dy munfry vrgIaF)
afs dIaF ikrnF jfgIaF

 

- suirMdr pfl isMG mMz (zf[)

hfl myry muklfvy df

 

- amIn milk (lMdn)

myry Gr afeI iewk nMnHIN prI

 

- gurpRIq isMG

ijQy kdy dIp jgdf sI

 

- jsvIr isMG rfxf

nfnI pMjfb kOr

 

- myjr mFgt

apxwq

 

- rCpfl kOr igwl

TMZf syk

 

- suirMdr sohl

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

lVIvfr (axCipaf)nfvl / prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

jwilHaF vfly bfg df awKIN izwTf sfkf

 

- jI afr syTI

sLhId pqI dI lfsL
 

- arjn isMG gVgwj

ividafrQIaF ivc sfihq pVHn df ONk ikvyN jfgy?

 

- milkf mMz

pMjfbIaF df duKLFq

 

- gurdIp ivnIpYWg

mF qUM kihMdI huMdI sI

 

- dyivMdr kOr

DrqI dy hyTF

 

- zf hirBjn isMG

ivsLv dy rMgkrmIaF df idn 27 mfrc ivsLv rMgmMc idvs

 

hIrf rMDfvf

ryq dy Gr

 

ipMRsIpl drsLn nWq

mr geI qfeI inhflo
 

- suirMdr gIq

jsbIr kflrvI, rfjpfl bopfrfey aqy hfimd XjLdfnI pMjfbI klmF dy kfPLly dy rUbrU

 

- jgjIq sMDU

ikvyN BuWl jfvF

 

- hrkIrq sMDr

sLbd joVF dI by-hurmqI

 

- irsLI gulftI

sur dI cot

 

- iekbfl mfhl

pMjfbI gIqF df bfdfh-mfn mrfVF vflf

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYroN (zf)

pTfx dI DI

 

- sujfn isMG

njLm
KLfilsqfn[[[

 

- EaMkfrpRIq

ijn swc pwly ipaf

 

- blbIr isSG atvfl

gLjLl

 

- kml kMg

pfiksqfn Xfqrf

 

- pRimMdr isMG soc

bwucVKfnf

 

- zf[PLkIr cMd sLuklf

BfeI, ikqy qUM gurmiq dI gwl qF nhIN krnI ?

 

- gurrn isMG ksyl

gjLl / nqIjf

 

- sLmsLyr isMG sMDU

pRYs irlIjL

 

- jgjIq nOsLihrvI

quhfzy KLq
 

 


jwilHaF vfly bfg df awKIN izwTf sfkf
- jI afr syTI
 

 

(jI afr syTI aMgryjLI dy bhuq sInIar pwqrkfr sn. ieh aMimRqsr dy rihx vfly sn. iehnF dI 1988 ivc mOq ho geI sI. keI sfl pihlF pMjfbI XUnIvristI dy Erl ihstrI sYWl vwloN AuhnF nfl kIqI lMmI ieMtrivAU ivcoN iewk aMsL sIrq dy pfTkF leI pysL hY)

hux mYN quhfnUM jwilHaF vfly bfgL dI ihstrI dwsF ik ieh iewk mukfm huMdf sI, ijwQy kUVf krkt sLihr df jmHF kIqf jFdf sI. ikAuNik iewQoN imsrI bfjLfr nyVy sI aqy kuwijaF df irvfj sI. kuwijaF dy ijhVy imwtI dy zwkxy huMdy sn, AuhnF df kUVf sfrf EQy iswitaf jFdf sI. 1919 dy ivwc aMimRqsr vfilaF ny, idwlI dI ijhVI kFgrs hoeI sI 1918 dy ivwc, EQy jf ky dfavq dy idwqI ik aglI ijhVI kFgrs hY Auh aMimRqsr dy ivwc hovygI, dsMbr 1919 dI. lfhOr vfilaF ikhf sI ik sfzy hoey. pr aMimRqsr vfly lfhOr vfilaF nUM mnf afey sn. lfhOr vfilaF ny ikhf TIk hY, hux ieh iksy nUM pqf nhIN sI ik mfrsLl lf ho jfxf hY aqy mfrsLl lf qoN pihlF mhfqmf gFDI, svfmI sq dyv nUM aMimRqsr Byijaf ik iqafrI kro. lokF dy ivwc ikMnf ku josL hY. hor qF koeI jgHf hY nhIN sI lYkcr leI. aMimRqsr dy do vwzy afdmI ijnHF ny bVI BfrI kurbfnI kIqI hY, ijnHF nUM awj kwl lok Buwl gey ny, iewk cODrI buwgf mwl aqy iewk mhfsLf rqo, ieh donoN josLIly afdmI sn, iewk kwpVy dI dlflI krdf sI,mhfsLf rqo, dUjy cODrI buwgy dI afpxI iewk CotI motI dukfn sI aqy dovyN BlvfnI krdy sn . ieh afrIaf smfjI iKaflF dy sn. iehnF ny lokF nUM pRyrnf kr ky ikhf ik jilHaF vflf bfgL dI sPLfeI krfeI jfvy. iehnF ny koeI sO do sO mjLdUr lf ky sLfmIN swq vjy dy BfsLx qoN pihlF lYvl kr idwqf. svfmI sq dyv sLfied 30 mfrc 1919 nUM aMimRqsr jilHaFvfly bfgL ivwc afey, aqy ies qrHF df awCf vkq sI ik Ausny sfry hjUm qy aYnf asr pfieaf ik lokF dIaF awKF ivwc afsUM af gey. AuhnF ny dwisaf ik gulfmI dy ivwc sfzf kI hfl ho irhf. ies iksm dy ijhVy pRcfrk sn kFgrs dy, AuhnF df kfPLI asr sI; iewQoN qwk ik ijs vyly ivdysLI kwpVy dy bfeIkft df aMdoln cwilaf qy QfnF dy Qfn lokF ny kwpVy dy sfVy, bfjLfrF ivwc aqy jy iksy ny rokx dI juraq kIqI hY, AuhdI dukfn nUM vI awg lf idwqI jF luwt leI. aYnf josL sI lokF dy ivwc. iqMn idn 10 apRYl qoN lY ky 12 apRYl qwk dI sLfm lokF df hI rfj sI ikAuNik sqpfl aqy zf: ikclU nUM igRPLqfr kr ilaf igaf sI. Aus smyN df izptI kisLnr ies gwl qy sV igaf ik ihMdUaF aqy muslmfnF ny sFJy qOr qy rfm nOmI mnfeI sI 9 apRYl nUM. Auhdy ivwc muslmfnF ny aqy ihMdUaF ny iewko ipafly ivwc pfxI pIqf . ihMdU muslmfnF nUM iqlk lf rhy sn aqy muslmfn ihMdUaF nUM iqlk lf rhy sn. Aus josL nUM dyK ky mfielz jriln ny, ijhny afp jlUs vyiKaf, alfhfbfd bYNk dI iemfrq afhlUvflIaf ktry dy ivwc hYgI, EQy bYT ky dyiKaf sI, Auhny gvrnr nUM irport kIqI ik mYnUM bgLfvq dy afsfr njLr af rhy ny. ies krky AuWproN hukm hoieaf ik qusIN iehnF donF nUM PVH lE, zf: ikclU aqy zf: sqpfl nUM. ieh vI Aus jlUs ivwc sLfiml sn. aqy iehnF iehnF dy asr nfl ieh bgLfvq PLYlfeI jf rhI hY. ijs vyly iehnF nUM igRPLqfr kr ilaf igaf, lokF nUM pqf lwgf ds apRYl nUM svyry ds vjy , igafrF vjy sLihr dy bhuq sfry log iekwTy ho ky izptI kimsLnr dI koTI jf ky kihx ik iehnF nUM Cwz idE. EQy sI:afeI:zI ny jriln nUM ieqlfh idwqI. cunFic iewk dsqf, klFgVI ipMz hYgf ijhVf, EQy iewk Cotf pul sI, iehdy AuWqy AuhnF nUM KVf kr idwqf, aqy lokF nUM ikhf ik awgy jfx dI iejfjLq nhIN idwqI jfvygI. ijEN hI lokF ny nfhry vgYrf lfey, aqy awgy vDx dI koisLsL kIqI, AuhnF ny golI clf idwqI. cfr pMj afdmI mfry gey, ds bfrF jLKLmI ho gey. iesdf nqIjf ieh hoieaf ik lok lfsLF cuwk ky sLihr ivwc lY gey. lokF ivwc aYnf guwsf sI ik rsqy dy ivwc nYsLnl bYNk afPL ieMzIaf, ijhVf awj kwl cfrtz bYNk hY, iewk alFieMs bYNk huMdf sI, ijhVf afhlUvflIaf ktVy dI purfxI mfrikt hY dy kony qy, iehnF bYNkF ivwc kMm kr rhy aMgryjLF nUM mfr idwqf aqy bYNkF dy gudfm luwt ley. mYN Aus vyly KLflsf kflj dy ivwc pVHdf sF. CuwtIaF dy idn sn aqy asIN isvl lfien dy ivwc sMq rfm cylf df bfgL hY, EQy pVHx afAuNdy sI. iewQy rOlf ipaf ik sLihr ivwc luwt pY geI hY. asIN cly gey, sLihr jf ky dyiKaf ik ijhVf alfieMs bYNk df sfihb hY, AuhnuM mfr ky koTy qoN qIsrI mMijLl qoN bfjLfr ivwc suwitaf hoieaf hY aqy Aus nUM awg lf idwqI aqy gudfm luwt ky hr sLKLs ijs df dfa lwgf kwpVy luwt ky iljf rhy ny GrF nUM. ies qrHF mflUm hoieaf ijvyN aMgryjLF df rfj nhIN irhf. ieh hflq ds, igafrF apRYl qwk cwldI rhI.
13 apRYl nUM mfrsLl lfa df aYlfn kIqf igaf, iksy ny suixaf, iksy ny nhIN suixaf. ieMny nUM PLOj af geI, jnrl zfier dI, ik iewQy amn cYn kfiem krnf hY. sLfm dy vyly pqf lwgf ik jwilHaF vfly bfgL ivwc iewk bVy vwzy jlsy df aYlfn kIqf igaf hY. ieh ivsfKI df idn sI. drbfr sfihb ivwc bhuq lok ipMzF ivwcoN afey hoey sn. lwKF dI qYdfd ivwc ivsfKI dy idn iekwTy ho jFdy aOr jwilHaFvflf bfgL ikAuNik nyVy sI, keI Bly lok mwQf tyk ky afrfm krn leI EQy af gey. AuhnF nUM pqf hI nhIN sI ik iewQy jlsf hY. Auh vI iewQy krfAUz ivwc sLfiml ho gey. mYN vI Aus vyly ividafrQI sI. mYnUM vI pqf lwgf ik EQy jlsf hY. asIN vI soicaf ik clo EQy qmfsLf vyKdy hF. ieMnI smJ qF ijLafdf hY nhIN sI, lyikn jdoN mYN aMdr jfx lwgf qF myry qoN iewk imMt pihlF aMdr PLOj dfKLl ho rhI sI. aOr AuhnF ny Cotf ijhf rsqf hY, sfrf iqMn Puwt cOVf jilHaFvfly bfgL df,aOr sfnUM ispfhIaF ny aMdr nhIN jfx idwqf aqy golIaF cwlxIaF sLurU ho geIaF aqy bhuq sfry lokF dI afvfjL afeI ik ieh PLokI ey- ieh JUTI jy, ieh afvfjL mYN suxI. mYnUM ikAuNik jwilHaF vfly bfgL dy dUsry rsqy vI afAuNdy sn. mYN drbfr sfihb vfly pfsy ijhVf gurU rfmdfs srfey vwloN afeIey, awj kwl bRhm bUtf aKfVy df bfjLfr hY, Aus pfisEN rsqy df pqf sI, EDr jfx lwigaf. ajy ds kdm awgy igaf hovFgf ik KLUn nfl lwQ pwQ lok bfhr afAuxy sLurU ho gey. iPLr pqf lwgf ik golI cwlI ey. iPLr asIN Gr af gey. Gr af ky mYN ajy bYiTaf hI sI ik myry mfipaF nuM qF pqf hI nhIN lwigaf ik ikwQy igaf, lyikn AuhnF df aijhf iKLafl sI ik mYN jwilHaFvfly bfgL jfvFgf, myrf iewk jmfqI pMzq dOlq rfm visLsLt myrI glI ivwc rihMdf sI. Auh gLrIb afdmI sI. AusdI mF roNdI af geI ik myry puwqr nUM golI lwgI ey. hux mYnUM Auh kihx lwgI ik Ausdf ielfj krfE. myrf Auh ijgrI dosq sI. mYN AuhnUM ikhf ik cwl mYN mhwly ivwc Plfxy Plfxy zfktr nUM jfxdf hF qy mYN qYnUM EQy lY cwldf hF. mYN AusnUM lY igaf, zf: eIsLr dfs BftIaf kol ijhVy Aus vyly pqf lwgf ik ielfj kr rhy sn. EQy jf ky pqf lwgf ik Auh iksy hor afdmI dI golI kwZx bfhr gey hoey sn. iewk hor zfktr afpxf vfikPL sI, AuhnF koTy qoN hI afvfjL dy idwqI. iehnF ny dyiKaf ik ieh cwl iPLr qF skdf hY. iehny ikhf ik mYN curfsI atfrI iksy hor afdmI dI jfn bcfxI hY, qusIN myry nfl af jfAu, EQy ies dy pwtI kr idaFgy. asIN donyN Auhdy nfl cly gey. curfsI atfrI df PLfslf sI. rsqy ivwc lok bVy Gbrfey hoey sn. lyikn zfktr ikdfr nfQ bVy hONsly vflf afdmI sI. EQy ijs vyly gey qy ijhdI golI kwZI, Auh mr igaf. PLyr zfktr sfihb vfps af gey, iehdI pwtI kr idwqI aqy kih idwqf ik golI aMdr nhIN hY, TIk ho jfvygf. cunFic afpxf qjrbf ieh dyiKaf ik PLlfxf dosq mr igaf, iksy hor dosq df lVkf mr igaf, rOlf ijLafdf pY igaf. PLyr dUsry idn iblukl cuwp ho geI, PLOj ny gsLq sLurU kr idwqI aqy sKLqI df aflm ieh ho igaf ik KLflsf kflj asIN pVHdy sF, sfzy sfry bfeIsfeIikl jLbq kr ley gey ik koeI bfeIsfeIikl nhIN clf skdf. sfzf ipRMsIpl vfdn sI. asIN sLihr dy ividafrQI do -do, iqMn-2 sO asIN kflj iks qrHF atYNz krIey jdoN sfzy bfeIsfeIikl hI jLbq ho gey. Auh sfzy nfl awgy lwg ky bfeIsfeIikl qy CfAuxI igaf aqy jnrl zfier koloN iejfjLq lY idwqI ik KLflsf kflj dy ividafrQI bfeIsfeIikl qy af jf skdy hn. PLyr pqf lwgf ik aMgryjLF dI iewk mIitMg hoeI hY ijs dy ivwc vfdn sfihb gey aqy EQy bhuq sfry aMgryjLF ny slfh idwqI hY. ieh mfrsLl lfa qoN pihlF sLfied sI jF iewk dm bfad ivwc, ik lokF ny bfj nhIN afAuxf, iewQy hvfeI jhfjL nfl bMbfrI kIqI jfey. mYnUM ijwQoN qwk pqf lwgf mYN vfdn sfhb qoN qsdIk vI kIqI ik AuhnF ny ikhf sI ik agr drbfr sfihb nUM kuJ ho igaf qF iswK kOm sfrI Aumr kdy vI quhfnUM muafPL nhIN krygI aqy ieh KLqrnfk gwl nf krnf. cunFic vfdn sfihb dy kihx qy ieh blf tl geI aOr ies gwl df ishrf mYN smJdf hF ik vfdn sfihb dy isr jFdf hY.
hux iehdy bfad amn sLFqI ho geI. sKLqI df dOr sLurU ho igaf. PVo PVI sLurU ho geI. lokF nUM ijs vyly pqf lwgf ik qlfsLIaF hoxgIaF, ijhVf corI df kwpVf aqy bYNk c lwut ky ilafey, aYny lok zry hoey sn ik ijnHF ny nvyN Qfn afpxy KrIdy hoey, AuhnF vI qlfsLI qoN zrdy sfiraF, Auh vI Qfn bfjLfrF dy ivwc iswt idqy. puils cuwk ky lY geI. dihsLq bhuq PYlI hoeI sI. igRPLqfrIaF bhuq ho geIaF sn. iewQoN qwk ik vkIlF dy nfm rijstr ho gey, iehnF dI pryz hoxI sLurU hoeI ik kMpnI bfgL ivwc ds vjy iekwTy hovo. Auh smJdy sn ik vkIl ijhVy hn, ieh ijLafdf kOmpRsq hn, aqy pRcfr ieh pVHy ilKy krvfAuNdy, iehnF AuWqy vI QoVHI bhuq sKLqI hoeI. lyikn awT ds idn bfad kuJ Twl pY igaf. mfrsLl lfa dy bfad mhInf Br dihsLq df aflm irhf. buwgf cODrI, rqo PVy gey, iehnF qy kql dy mukwdmy, luwt mfr dy mukwdmy, pihlF iehnF nUM PLFsI dI sjLf hoeI sI, kfly pfxI, PLyr pMizq moqI lfl nihrU , sI:afr:dfs vgYrf iewQy afey, AuhnF dy dKLl nfl aqy pMzq mflvIaf dy dKLl nfl , ijhVy Aus vyly sYNtrl asYNblI dy mYNbr sn, AuhnF dI sjLf Aumr kYd ivwc bdl idwqI geI. ieh ivcfry KLfsf arsf kfly pfxI ivwc rhy aqy ijs vyly ieh ibmfr ho gey iehnF nUM mulqfn jylH ivwc ilaFdf igaf aqy vIh sfl bfad iehnF dI irhfeI hoeI. hux ikAuNik myry iehnF nfl sMbMD kfPLI nyVy dy ho gey sn aqy ijs vyly 1947 ivwc afjLfdI af geI qF mYN dyiKaf ik iehnF ivcfiraF nUM qF koeI puwCdf hI nhIN. ijs qrHF afm huMdf hY ik kurbfnI krn vfly ipWCy suwty gey aqy keI ijs qrHF gwzI luwt ky awgy af jFdy ny Auh awgy af gey, AuhnF ny Kwdr dy jfmy pihn ley, AuhnF ny mYNbriswLpF kFgrs dIaF hfisl kr leIaF. ieh nhIN ik sfry ies qrHF dy sn, pr kuC afdmI ijhVy bhuq bhuq cqur sn AuhnF ny nfjfiejL PLfiedy AuTfAux KLfiqr afpxy afp nUM mYNbrI leI pysL kr idwqf.

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