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sMpfdkI dI QF / ivsfKI ‘qy ivsLysL / iewk pRsMg df punr kQn

 

- surjIq pfqr

pUrn isMG dI sLfierI:axidsdIaF jLMjIrF Korn vflf mukqI df pRvcn

 

- surjIq pfqr

gujrI mrdI nhIN

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

ikwqf

 

- hrpRIq syKf

iËMdgI dy kuJ vrky
aklmMd vI km-aklI idKfAuNdy hn

 

- ipafrf isMG Bogl

(pMjfbIaF leI cfnx dy munfry vrgIaF)
afs dIaF ikrnF jfgIaF

 

- suirMdr pfl isMG mMz (zf[)

hfl myry muklfvy df

 

- amIn milk (lMdn)

myry Gr afeI iewk nMnHIN prI

 

- gurpRIq isMG

ijQy kdy dIp jgdf sI

 

- jsvIr isMG rfxf

nfnI pMjfb kOr

 

- myjr mFgt

apxwq

 

- rCpfl kOr igwl

TMZf syk

 

- suirMdr sohl

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

lVIvfr (axCipaf)nfvl / prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

jwilHaF vfly bfg df awKIN izwTf sfkf

 

- jI afr syTI

sLhId pqI dI lfsL
 

- arjn isMG gVgwj

ividafrQIaF ivc sfihq pVHn df ČONk ikvyN jfgy?

 

- milkf mMz

pMjfbIaF df duKLFq

 

- gurdIp ivnIpYWg

mF qUM kihMdI huMdI sI

 

- dyivMdr kOr

DrqI dy hyTF

 

- zf hirBjn isMG

ivsLv dy rMgkrmIaF df idn 27 mfrc ‘ivsLv rMgmMc idvs’

 

– hIrf rMDfvf

ryq dy Gr

 

– ipMRsIpl drsLn nWq

mr geI qfeI inhflo…
 

- suirMdr gIq

jsbIr kflrvI, rfjpfl bopfrfey aqy hfimd XjLdfnI pMjfbI klmF dy kfPLly dy rUbrU

 

- jgjIq sMDU

ikvyN BuWl jfvF

 

- hrkIrq sMDr

sLbd joVF dI by-hurmqI

 

- irsLI gulftI

sur dI cot

 

- iekbfl mfhl

pMjfbI gIqF df bfdČfh-mfn mrfVF vflf

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYroN (zf)

pTfx dI DI

 

- sujfn isMG

njLm
KLfilsqfn[[[

 

- EaMkfrpRIq

“ijn swc pwly ipaf”

 

- blbIr isSG atvfl

gLjLl

 

- kml kMg

pfiksqfn Xfqrf

 

- pRimMdr isMG soc

bwucVKfnf

 

- zf[PLkIr cMd sLuklf

BfeI, ikqy qUM gurmiq dI gwl qF nhIN krnI ?

 

- gurČrn isMG ksyl

gjLl / nqIjf

 

- sLmsLyr isMG sMDU

pRYs irlIjL

 

- jgjIq nOsLihrvI

quhfzy KLq
 


ivsLv dy rMgkrmIaF df idn 27 mfrc ‘ivsLv rMgmMc idvs’
– hIrf rMDfvf
 

 

pihlF hylMskI aqy bfad ivwc jUn 1961 ivwc ‘ieMtrnYsLnl QIeytr ieMstIicAUt’ dI vIafnf ivKy hoeI 9vIN ivsLv kFgrs ivwc sMsQf dy pRDfn aYrvI ikvInf ny ies dy iPLinsL sYNtr dy bIhfPL `qy iewk ‘ivsLv rMgmMc idvs’ imwQx df mqf rwiKaf ijs dI qfeId skYNzInYvIafnf sYNtr ny kIqI ijs nUM rMgmMc Kyqr ivwc kMm krdy sBnF lokF ny pRvfngI idwqI. ies mgroN hr sfl 27 mfrc nUM mnfieaf jfx lwgf aqy pihlI vfr ies nUM 1962 nUM iesy idn pYirs ivwc ‘QIeytr afPL nysLnjL’ dy qOr `qy mnfieaf igaf. ies sfl mgroN ieMtrnYsLnl QIeytr ieMstIicAUt dy ivsLv Br ivwcly 100 qoN vwD sYNtrF ivwc mnfieaf jf irhf hY. XunYsko aqy sMsfr Br dIaF jfxIaF pCfxIaF rMgmMc sKLsLIaqF, ‘ieMtrnYsLnl QIeytr ieMstIicAUt’ jo iewk sLurU qoN hI ies Kyqr ivwc kMm krn vflI munfPLf rihq sMsQf hY, aqy hor gYr-srkfrI sMsQfvF ny afpsI afdfn pRdfn nfl ies Kyqr ivwc 1948 qoN hI kMm krnf sLurU kIqf sI. iehnF sMsQfvF df muwK mksd pRPfrimMg afrt dI aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr dI jfxkfrI aqy rMgmMc kfimaF ivwc vMzxf sI ijs nfl afpsI sUJbUJ nfl ies ivDf rfhIN ivsLv sLFqI aqy dosqI nUM mjLbUq krnf sI qF jo XunYsko dy insLfinaF nUM ivsLv Br dy lokF qwk phuMcfieaf jfvy.
27 mfrc nUM hryk sfl iksy pRmuwK QIeytr sKLsLIaq jF iksy dUsry Kyqr dy pRmuwK ivakqI nUM ivsLv BfeIcfry leI afpxy pRBfv sFJy krn leI swdf idwqf jfdf hY ijs vwloN iewk sMdysL jfrI kIqf jfdf hY ijs df 20 BfsLfvF ivwc qrjmf krky ivsLv Br ivwc lwKF kroVF nftk pRymIaF sfhmxy nft-pysLkfrIaF qoN pihlF rMgkrmIaF vwloN piVHaf jFdf hY. ieh sMdysL vwK vwK BfsLfvF ivwc CpdIaF aKLbfrF aqy rsfilaF ivwc Cfipaf jFdf hY. iesy sMdysL nUM ivsLv Br dy tYlIivXn aqy ryzIE pRogrfmF ivwc nsLr kIqf jFdf hY.sMn 1962 ivwc pihly ivsLv rMgmMc idvs mOky jfrI kIqy sMdysL df lyKk jIn koktIE sI. sMn 1993 ivwc vynyXUieln dy ieMtrnYsLnl QIeytr ieMstIicAUt sYNtr ny 1962 qoN lYky 1993 qwk jfrI kIqy pRmuwK sKLsLIaqF dy sMdysLF nUM Cfpx df Auprflf kIqf sI jd ik ies df iewk KrVf spYinsL BfsLf ivwc Cfp ky vMizaf sI.
ivsLv Br `c huMdIaF srgrmIaF: ivsLv rMgmMc idvs mnfAux df muwK mksd rMgmMc dy lokF vwloN pRPfrimMg afrt dI sLkqI rfhIN lokF nUM iewk dUjy dy nyVy ilafAuxf hY. ieh AuhnF leI iewk aijhf ivsysL idn huMdf hY ijs idn Auh lokF nUM ivKfAuNdy hn ik klf hI iewk aijhf mfiDam hY ijs ivwc ieMnI qfkq hY ijs rfhIN lokF ivwc smfijk iewksurqf aqy sLFqI df sunyhf susLkq qrIky nfl phuMcfieaf jf skdf hY. so ies qrF smfj dy sB vrgF dy lokF dy ivsysL idnF vFg ivsLv rMgmMc idvs vI iewk ivsysL idn bx igaf ijs nUM Auh afpxf kih skx dy Xog hoey. ivsLv Br ivwc ies idn ivsysL pRogrfm kIqy jFdy hn .ies idn qoN pihlF afAux vfly hPLqy smyq mfrc dy sLurU qoN lY ky jfpfn, kYmyrUn, brkInf Pyso, kuvYq afid ivwc lgfqfr ieMtrnYsLnl PystIvl afXoijq kIqy jfdy hn. iesy kVI aDIn bYljIam, iPlIpfeInjL, sfeIprs, qunIsIaf, romfnIaf, svIzn, spyn, jLYry afid dysLF ivwc ivsysL pysLkfrIaF kIqIaF jFdIaF hn. iesy idn grIs, bMglfdysL, romfnIaf, mYkyzonIaf aqy Bfrq ivwc smfj ivwc rMgmMc dy vwK vwK pihlUaF `qy golmyjL kfnPrMsF, sYmInfr afid kIqy jfdy hn.ies idn zFs aqy rMgmMc Kyqr ivwc ivsysL Gflxf Gflx vfly lokF nUM ivsysL ienfm idwqy jFdy hn. ies pfsy srgrmIaF ieMglYNz, iesrfeIlI, poilsL, XugFzf, rUsI aqy jrmn dy sYNtr ivsysL qOr qy krdy hn.iesy idn nvyN QIeytrF, QIeytr ajfieb GrF aqy QIeytrIkl numfiesLF dy AudGftn kIqy jFdy hn. krosLIaf, romfnIaf, ijMbfvy, skYNzInYvIan aqy lYitn amrIkf dy kuJ hor molkF ivwc kOmI sMdysL jfrI kIqy jfdy hn. pRYs ivwc afrtIkl Cpvfey jFdy hn aqy iesy idn ieMtnYsLnl sunyhy `qy kUmYNtrIaF kIqIaF jFdIaF hn. Bfrq smyq hor mulkF vwloN ies idn bhuq sfry gruwpF vwloN kIqIaF pysLkfrIaF nUM KyqrI tI vI aqy ryzIE `qy irlya kIqf jFdf hY aqy eIjLIpt, iclI, spyn, grIs, bYljLIam, trkI, afid dysLF ivwc nftk vyKx leI muPLq itktF muhweIaf krvfeIaF jFdIaF hn. ies idn QIeytr hflF nUM ivsysL qOr qy sjfieaf jFdf hY aqy Kfs qOr qy ies idn leI postr jfrI kIqy jFdy hn. PrFs vwloN 1962 ivwc ivsLv rMgmMc idvs dy mOky iewk zfk itkt jfrI kIqI geI sI aqy BfrqI zfkqfr mihkmy vwloN ies idn muPLq zfk ByjI geI sI. iesy idn XU[ky[ ivwc QIeytr krmIaF dI shfieqf leI cYrtI sLoa kIqy jFdy hn. ies idn bMglfdysL dy sLihr Zfkf ivwc vwK vwK QIeytr gruwpF dI PLYzrysLn vwloN ivsysL qOr `qy mnfieaf jFdf hY ijs dOrfn 1000 dy krIb QIeytr aYktr aqy aYktrsF vwloN QIeytr zrfimaF dy kfsitAUmjL ivwc swj ky iewk anoKI pryz kwZI jFdI hY.
pMjfbI rMgmMc qy ivsLv rMgmMc idvs: pMjfb ivwc vI ivsLv rMgmMc idvs mnfAux dI iprq ipCly keI sflF qoN pMjfbI rMgmMc cwl rhI hY. AuQy ivsLv rMgmMc idvs nUM kyNdrI pMjfbI rMgmMc sBf vwloN hr sfl pMjfb dy vwK vwK koinaF ivwc mnfieaf jFdf hY. ijQy afm qOr `qy do idn qwk ieh idvs mnfieaf jFdf hY. AuQy sYmInfr krvfey jFdy hn, QIeytr krmIaF vwloN afpo afpxy pihrfivaF ivwc pryz kwZI jfdI hY aqy dovyN idn rfq nUM nftk Kyzy jfdy hn. vYsy ies idvs df mksd BfajI gursLrn isMG vwloN nftk nUM lokF dy cuwilHaF qwk phuMcf ky ipCly cfr dhfikaF qoN kIqf jf irhf hY ijs dI Gflnf nUM iewk ieiqhfsk kfrj kihx qoN koeI ienkfr nhIN kr skdf. sLfied pMjfb ivwc Aus df bdl lwBxf asMBv hY. ivsLv rMgmMc idvs mnfAux dI kVI ivwc pMjfb ivwc nftsLflf aMimRqsr vrgf aMqrrfsLtrI shUlqF vflf QIeytr aqy ibafs ivKy pyNzU Kyqr ivwc aDuink shUlqF vfly QIeytr df AudGftn kRmvfr 1999 aqy 2002 ivwc kIqf igaf sI. pMjfbI rMgmMc ies vyly afpxf iewk nvF ieiqhfs isrj irhf hY. kdy vylf sI jd asIN Bfrq dy dUjy sUibaF dy rMgmMc nUM slfhuMdy huMdy sF aqy afpxy rMgmMc nUM AuhnF nfloN nIvyN pwDr df smJdy huMdy sF. pr awj aflm ieh hY ik asI Bfrq dy bfry sUibaF dy rMgmMc nfloN vDIaf rMgmMc kr rhy hF. awj ijMnI vrfietI pMjfbI rMgmMc ivwc hY AunI hor iksy BfsLF dy rMgmMc ivwc nhIN. awj pMjfb ivwc XUnIvristIaF dy mukfbilaF df rMgmMc, sLihrF df QIeytrF df rMgmMc, ieiqhfisk nftkF df rMgmMc, qrksLIl rMgmMc, Kwby pwKI rfjnIqk pfrtIaF df rMgmMc, sfKrqf sMmqIaF df rMgmMc, pyNzU QVyH df rMgmMc, bfl rMgmMc, nuwkV nftk afid smyq bhuq sfrI vMngI hY. pMjfbI rMgmMc kol afeI sI nMdf qoN lY ky zf[guridafl isMG Puwl, ipRMspl sMq isMG syKoN, zf[ hrcrn isMG, hrsrn isMG, BfajI gursLrn isMG, pRo[ ajmyr isMG aOlK, zf[afqmjIq,divMdr dmn aqy AuhnF qoN aglI pIVHI kyvl DflIvfl, pflI BuipMdr isMG, sfihb isMG, aYWc[aYWs[rMDfvf, somnfQ hIrf, inrml joVf, jgdIsL swcdyvf, svrfjbIr, qRlocn isMG afid ijhy nftkkfr hn ijnHF dIaF sikRptF df mMcx aksr huMdf rihMdf hY. hor qF hor ihMdusqfn qoN bfhr amrIkf, kYnyzf, ieMglYNz afid dysLF ivwc bhuq ivsLfl igxqI ivwc pMjfbI rMgmMc kIqf jf irhf hY. iehnF mulkF ivwc bhuq sfry isrVI rMgkrmI afpxy pRIvfr dy ihwsy df smF rMgmMc nUM dyky afpxf isrV pfl rhy hn. pMjfbI rMgmMc dy nfmvfr nftkkfr qy inrdysLk vI smyN smyN ieQoN dIaF sMsQvF vwloN nftk iqafr krn leI bulfey jFdy hn. kul igxqIaF imxqIaF mgroN iswtf kwZIey qF pMjfbI rMgmMc df BivwK kfPI Aujlf hY.

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