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sMpfdkI dI QF / ivsfKI qy ivsLysL / iewk pRsMg df punr kQn

 

- surjIq pfqr

pUrn isMG dI sLfierI:axidsdIaF jLMjIrF Korn vflf mukqI df pRvcn

 

- surjIq pfqr

gujrI mrdI nhIN

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

ikwqf

 

- hrpRIq syKf

iMdgI dy kuJ vrky
aklmMd vI km-aklI idKfAuNdy hn

 

- ipafrf isMG Bogl

(pMjfbIaF leI cfnx dy munfry vrgIaF)
afs dIaF ikrnF jfgIaF

 

- suirMdr pfl isMG mMz (zf[)

hfl myry muklfvy df

 

- amIn milk (lMdn)

myry Gr afeI iewk nMnHIN prI

 

- gurpRIq isMG

ijQy kdy dIp jgdf sI

 

- jsvIr isMG rfxf

nfnI pMjfb kOr

 

- myjr mFgt

apxwq

 

- rCpfl kOr igwl

TMZf syk

 

- suirMdr sohl

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

lVIvfr (axCipaf)nfvl / prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

jwilHaF vfly bfg df awKIN izwTf sfkf

 

- jI afr syTI

sLhId pqI dI lfsL
 

- arjn isMG gVgwj

ividafrQIaF ivc sfihq pVHn df ONk ikvyN jfgy?

 

- milkf mMz

pMjfbIaF df duKLFq

 

- gurdIp ivnIpYWg

mF qUM kihMdI huMdI sI

 

- dyivMdr kOr

DrqI dy hyTF

 

- zf hirBjn isMG

ivsLv dy rMgkrmIaF df idn 27 mfrc ivsLv rMgmMc idvs

 

hIrf rMDfvf

ryq dy Gr

 

ipMRsIpl drsLn nWq

mr geI qfeI inhflo
 

- suirMdr gIq

jsbIr kflrvI, rfjpfl bopfrfey aqy hfimd XjLdfnI pMjfbI klmF dy kfPLly dy rUbrU

 

- jgjIq sMDU

ikvyN BuWl jfvF

 

- hrkIrq sMDr

sLbd joVF dI by-hurmqI

 

- irsLI gulftI

sur dI cot

 

- iekbfl mfhl

pMjfbI gIqF df bfdfh-mfn mrfVF vflf

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYroN (zf)

pTfx dI DI

 

- sujfn isMG

njLm
KLfilsqfn[[[

 

- EaMkfrpRIq

ijn swc pwly ipaf

 

- blbIr isSG atvfl

gLjLl

 

- kml kMg

pfiksqfn Xfqrf

 

- pRimMdr isMG soc

bwucVKfnf

 

- zf[PLkIr cMd sLuklf

BfeI, ikqy qUM gurmiq dI gwl qF nhIN krnI ?

 

- gurrn isMG ksyl

gjLl / nqIjf

 

- sLmsLyr isMG sMDU

pRYs irlIjL

 

- jgjIq nOsLihrvI

quhfzy KLq
 

 


pMjfbIaF df duKLFq
- gurdIp ivnIpYWg
 

 

pMjfbIaF df duKLFq AuhnF dy aMdroN hI jnm lYNdf hY. bfhroN hoey hmly nUM Auh zwk skdy hn, Jwl skdy hn, mUMh moVvF juafb vI dy skdy hn. pMjfbIaF dI prMprf dI iewk purfxI khfvq huMdI sI:
cImy-cwTy!
Kfx pIx nUM awzo awzI
lVx-iBVn nUM kwTy.
smyN dy vrqfry aqy pRsiQqIaF ny sihjy sihjy ies pRMprf df glf Guwt ky ivakqIgq ivcfrF nUM pihl dy idwqI, ijs ivwcoN sB df Blf gLYr hfjLr ho igaf. AuWqoN duhrI mfr ieh peI ik pMjfbIaF dy nyqf/lIzr isrPL pwgF df hI rMg vtfAuNdy/ bdldy rhy, idl ivclI kflKL df rMg sBnF df iewko ijhf sI. pMjfb ivwc vsdy lokF df sB qoN vwD nuksfn iehnF dy iswK lgdy lIzrF ny kIqf hY. ieh lIzr lok BfvyN mfstr qfrf isMG hovy qy BfvyN sMq PLqih isMG jF koeI hor sMq. sMq iBMzrF vfly vI iehnF dI hI kqfr c af KloNdy hn. iehnF sBnF ny isrPL iswK lwgdy lokF dIaF byVIaF ivwc hI vwty nhIN pfey sgoN smuwcy pMjfbIaF dI eykqf dIaF jVHF vI ihlf ky KoKlIaF kr idwqIaF hn.
pMjfb df iKwqf isrPL gurF dy nfm qy hI nhIN sI vwsdf, gurF dI afmd qoN sdIaF hI pihlF qoN vwsdf rsdf af irhf sI. eys vwsx rwsx dy vrqfry dIaF jVHF c awk coieaf iehnF pMjfbI lIzrF ny. iehnF ny pMjfbIaF nUM pMjfbI nhIN rihx idwqf, AuhnF nUM ihMdU iswK aqy muslmfn ivwc vMz idwqf. hux eys hflq ivwc hr jxf Kxf eys aMqr-ivroD dy bxy mwc rhy qMdUr qy afpo afpxy svfrQ dI rotI sykxI cfhuMdf sI. ieh cUhf dOV ajy vI jfrI hY.
80ivaF dy duKFq dI khfxI ny isrPL pMjfbIaF nUM hI duKI nhIN kIqf, sgoN dunIaF Br dy amn-psMd lokF ny vI ies df sog mMinaf. afE, iehdy vwl QoVHI aMdrUnI Jfq mfrIey. hornF smwisafvF dy nfl pMjfbIaF dI sB qoN vwzI smiwsaf jLmIn dy asly nfl sMbMiDq rhI hY. isrPL eysy smwisaf aDIn pMjfbI lok akflI pfrtI dy ihwq ivwc Bugqdy rhy. ikAuNik kyNdrI srkfr kFgrs dI srkfr hox krky pMjfbIaF nUM KLusL nhIN sI rwK skdI. Auh pMjfbIaF nUM AuhnF dy hwk dyx qoN asmrwQ rhI. eys asmrwQqf df lfB akflI afpxI mnmrjLI nfl AuTfAuNdy rhy aqy pMjfbIaF nUM lfry lf ky prcfAuNdy rhy aqy ivsLvfsGfq krdy rhy.
ieh pMjfbI vI lfeI lwg bVy
hr vfhdy AuWqy ivs jFdy
iehnF nfl dgLf iewk vfr qF kI
sO vfr vI kIqf jf skdY.
swqfDfrI kFgrs srkfr hmysLF pMjfbIaF nfl vDIkI hI krdI afeI hY. lokF dI rihnumfeI krn ivwc ijhVf rol kimAUinstF ny inBfieaf Auh Aus qoN vI iGnfAuxf irhf ik lokF nuM kimAUnistF AuWqy koeI ieqbfr vI nf irhf. (iehdy bfry kdy PLyr gwl krFgy). hux pMjfb ivwc pMjfbIaF dI agvfeI krn vfly isrPL do hI DVy sn. iewk akflIaF df aqy dUjf kFgrs df. iehnF dohF coN pMjfbIaF dI mfniskqf vDyry krky akflIaF nfl juVI hoeI sI. votF vyly akflI gurF dy nfm AuWqy vfsqf pf ky lokF nUM Twg skdy sn aqy Twgdy af rhy sn. pMjfb ivwc akflIaF dy ivroD nUM BMnx leI kyNdrI srkfr ZMg vrqdI rhI. kdy ijwq jFdI kdy hfr jFdI. keI hwQ kMZy vrqy. 60ivaF dy smyN ivwc zf: jgjIq isMG cOhfn vI ieMdrf gFDI dI ikrpf df pfqr irhf hY. kFgrs srkfr akflIaF nUM guwTy lfAux leI iehnF dy hI BfeIcfry coN iksy nUM PuwlIaF pfAuxf cfhuMdI sI. iblkul EvyN ijvyN mfstr qfrf isMG dI PwtI pocx leI sMq PLqih isMG jI nUM mohrI bxfieaf igaf. eynI myhnq aqy Koj ipwCoN sMq jrnYl isMG jI iBMzrFvfly AudY ho pey. Auh bhuq CyqI ieMdrf gFDI dy chyqy bx gey. ies gwl nUM sfry pMjfbI jfxdy hn.
sMq iBMzrF vfly, iswK aKvfAuNdy pMjfbI dI rgL nUM pCfxdy sn. eys pCfx nUM vrq ky AuhnF ny kFgrs dI mnokfmnf qF pUrI kr idwqI; pr isafsI qOr qy pMjfb aqy pMjfbIaF nUM qbfhI dy hnyry ivwc suwt gey. pMjfbIaF dy GrF ivwc syh df qwklf gwz gey. kyNdrI srkfr dI KLusLI dUx svfeI ho geI jdoN kuJ pMjfbI gurF dy nfm qy Boly Bfly pMjfbIaF df kql krn lwg pey.
kihMdy ny cIn ivwc mfE-jy-quMg ny bfhrly hmly dy ivruwD afpxy sB qoN vwzy dusLmx icaFg-kfeI-sLk nfl ieh kih ky smJOqf kr ilaf ik sfzI qF afpsI lVfeI hY; ieh Gr bih ky asIN kdy vI hwl kr skdy hF; pr ies bfhrly hmly dy iKLlfPL sfnUM iekWTy ho ky sFJI lVfeI dyxI cfhIdI hY. hoieaf vI ieMj hI. ieh ajy kwl dI gwl hY 60 ku sfl purfxI. pr pMjfbI lIzr, kimAUinst, aKOqI agFh-vDU aqy icMqk sfry rl ky akl awgy kMD krky Klo gey, isafxp nUM zFgF lY ky pY gey. kyNdrI hkUmq dy insLfny qy smuwcf pMjfb hI duKFq coN lMGdf af irhf hY. ies leI smuwcy pMjfbIaF nUM iekwTy ho ky iml ky kyNdrI hkUmq dy eys hmly dy ivruwD lVfeI dyxI cfhIdI sI, cfhIdI hY.
pMjfb dI smiwsaf iBMzrFvfly qoN pihlF dyr qoN qurI af rhI sI. PLyr iBMzrFvfly dI mOq qoN bfad ieh dUx svfeI ho geI. ieh ajy vI hwl nhIN hoeI. pRMqU iBMzrFvfly nUM lY ky pMjfbI icMqk vI afps ivwc vMzy gey. kuJ pMjfbIaF df Auh gurU bx igaf aqy kuJ df dusLmx. ijhVI lVfeI pMjfbIaF ny rl ky sFJy dusLmx dy iKLlfPL dyxI sI, Auh kurfhy pY ky AuhnF ny afpxy afp dy gl hI pf leI. agFhvDU, kimAUinst, qrksLIl, KLfilsqfnI afid sFJy dusLmx dI pCfx krn ivwc PLylH ho gey; ieh afps ivwc iewk dUjy df kql krn ivwc ruwJ gey aqy ijhVf aslI dusLmx sI, Auh isrhfxy hyT bFh dy ky sON igaf sI ik clo sfzy gloN blf lfh ky pMjfbIaF ny afpxy hI gl pf leI hY. iBMzrFvfly sMn 1984 ivwc mfry gey. pMjfb df sMkt hor zUMGf ho igaf. swqfDfrI kyNdrI srkfr afpxI mn mrjLI dy kfnUMn bxf ky hor vI mn afeIaF krn lwg peI. hux ies df dosL qusIN iks nUM idEgy? EDr afpxy afp nUM KLfilsqfnI aKvfAux vfly keI gruwpF ny afpxI cFdI bxfAuxI sLurU kr idwqI. sfDfrx qoN sfDfrx bMdf vI eys awg dy syk qoN bc nf sikaf.
eyny sfl lMG jfx dy bfad vI ajy qwk iksy sMsQf jF ivdvfn ny eys duKLFq df ivsLlysLx nhIN kIqf. hr koeI iksy nf iksy iDr nfl juiVaf hoieaf hY. pMjfb c koeI vI iDr ajyhI nhIN, ijs ny afpxy suafrQ nUM awgy nf rwiKaf hovy. eys duKFq nfl iewk hor pwK vI nijwiTaf jf skdf sI/hY: ijhVf myrI smJ anusfr vDyry sfrQk hY. ieiqhfs dwsdf hY ik 1905 ivwc aMgryjLF ny afpxI shUlq leI bMgfl nUM do ihwisaF ivwc vMz idwqf. bMgfl dy lokF ny afpxy jfq pfq aqy Drm nUM iewk pfsy rwK ky bMgflIaF dy qOr qy aMgryjLF ivruwD ztvIN aqy KfVkU lVfeI idwqI. aMgryjLF dy pYr ihlf idwqy, mjbUr ho ky AuhnF nUM iPLr bMgfl iekwTf krnf ipaf. sfry ihMdusqfn ivwc bMgflI kOm dI DFk bwJ geI. iblkul iesy qrHF jy pMjfbI lok afpxy afp nUM ihMdU, iswK jF muslmfn smJx dI bjfie iewk kOm (pMjfbI kOm) mMnx lwg pYx qF koeI vI qfkq iehnF dy duKLFq df kfrn nhIN bx skdI. ieMj hI jy gujrfqI lok afpxy afp nUM ihMdU jF muslmfn smJx dI QF gujrfqI kOm smJdy qF Auh GwlUGfrf nf vfprdf ijs ivwc hjLfrF bygunfh gujrfqIaF df Gfx kIqf igaf. eys jwdo-jihd leI iemfndfr lokF nUM afp awgy afAuxf pvygf. afpxy ivwcoN afp afgU iqafr krny pYxgy. akflIaF, kFgrsIaF aqy iehnF aKOqI kimAUinstF nUM BjfAuxf pvygf. iehnF vrqmfn lIzrF ny aKOqI nyqfvF ny lokF dy KLUn ivwc iesLnfn krn qoN ibnF kuJ nhIN krnf.

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