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sun surjIq pfqr dy / vfirs fh sun df vfirs

 

- surjIq pfqr

ieho-jy vI iml jfdy ny nftk krvfAux vfly! / aKy, jI, asIN ivafh ivwc zrfmf krvfAuxY!

 

- ajmyr isMG aOlK

ieMJ bixaF sfzf bkfiedf kvIrI jwQf

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

blYk nIgro ingr

 

- suKpfl

kflf bMdf

 

- suKpfl

XfdF dI kbr ivwcoN (dUjI lVI)

 

- amIn milk

rsqy dI qlf ivc

 

- svrn cMdn

mFvF vrgI mF sI myrI

 

- suirMdr mMz

sunihrI iknfrI vflf bwdl

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

15 kroV isWK

 

- iqRlocn isMG igWl

ieho ijhf hY myrf Xfr suKivMdr

 

- guridlbfgL isMG bfGf

AUDm isMG hId dI nvIN-lwBI qsvIr

 

- amrjIq cMdn

dUjf rbfbI mrdfnf

 

- afr[ zI[ inrMkfrI

sLfhkfr khfxIaF / Byq vflI gwl

 

- sMqoK isMG DIr

Bgq isMG ikhVf ?

 

- sMqoK isMG sMqoK

afE kMipAUtr iswKIey

 

- ikrpfl isMG pMnUM

pMjfbI aOrq: aMqr rftrI srokfr

 

- zf[ blivMdr kOr brfV

lihMdy pMjfb ivc pMjfbI jLbfn : iewk jfiejLf

 

- drsLn isMG afsLt (zf[)

alIgVH df XUnIvrst-hjLfrf isMG rmqf

 

- iekbfl mfhl

iek lVfeI jo huMdI huMdI tlL geI

 

- afstRylIaf qoN igafnI sMqoK isMG

ihMsf

 

- dljIq isMG, aYzimMtn

sYks-vfqsfien, Prfiez qoN Eo qwk / afDuink aOrq

 

- jsvIr dusFJ

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYrON

aKOqI mfzrn BUMzF dI KwKr CyVidaF

 

- zf ruipMdrjIq kOr igwl

inmK (amrjIq sfQI) dI kivqf

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

aY! pMjfb-myry ipwqrF dI Drq

 

- zf amrjIq tFzf

mYN isWK hF

 

- hrkIrq sSDr

ky nyVY ky dUir / sMqoK isMG sMqoK df kfiv-sMgRih: pYirs dI ipafs

 

- gurnfm iZwloN

iMdgI

 

- kbIr aroVf

klmF dI suwkI isafhI awK notF vwl

 

- buWD isMG nIloN

quhfzy KLq

 


ky nyVY ky dUir
sMqoK isMG sMqoK df kfiv-sMgRih: pYirs dI ipafs
- irvIAUkfr: gurnfm iZwloN

 

 

sMqoK isMG jI brqfnIaf ivwc vsdy jfxy-pCfxy lyKk hn. fierI krn dy nfl vfrqk vI ilKdy hn. kuwJ arsf pihlF smkflI lyKkF dy bd-icwqr vI ilKy sn. iewk pusqk eIvr dy q sMpfdq vI kIqI sI. awj kwlH ihr rYizMg ivwc afvfsIaF dIaF afriQk, smfijk aqy rfjnIiqk smwisafvF dy smfDfn pRqI sMGrF ivwc mhwqvpUrn Xogdfn pf rhy hn. BfrqI ikRqI sBf (I.W.A) gRyt ibRitn aqy BfrqI ikimAUinst sBf (mfrkisst) dy srgrm kfrkun hn. pRgqIIl ilKfrI sBf gRyt ibRitn dI rYizMg bRFc dy krqf-Drqf rhy hn. Auprokq, py qwQF qoN BlIBFq igafn pRfpq ho jFdf hY ik Auh cyqn, ikRafIl, mnuwK aqy bcnbwD pRgqIvfdI lyKk hn. hQlI pusqk pYirs dI ipafs AuhnF dI coxvI kivqf df sMigRh hY ijs nUM pRiswD fier zf: jgqfr jI ny sMpfdq kIqf hY. ies qoN pihlF Auh cfr kfiv-sMigRh Aujly hnyry (1968), rMg rUp (1972), lfl yr vflf cOk (1978) aqy XoDf (1987) pMjfbI Bff dI JolI ivwc pf cuwky hn.
ies pusqk ivclIaF kivqfvF df boD aqy mulMkx krn leI sB qoN pRQm kfrj iehnF ivwc AuplbD pirBffxIX bdfvlI ijvyN ik vIaqnfm dy jvfn, eyIaf dI syj, arIkf dI ihwk, amrIkf dy aMnHy boly hnyry, srmfeydfrI dy jMgl, kRFqI df ilkfrf, ilbryn, PlsqInI gurIlf, lotUaF dy iefry, mukqI POj, Aujrq, munff, imhnqk, soiilm, afrQk sMkt aqy anykF hor fbidk hvfilaF dy arQ gRihx krny ainvfrI hn.
sMqoK jI leI kivqf bdF df afmuhfrf vihx nhIN sgoN sucyq smfjk/rcnfqimk aml hY. ies leI iehnF bdF nUM pirBfq krn leI ajoky sMsfr dy rfjnIiqk/afriQk sMidRL nUM smJdy hoey iehnF nUM drusq rfjnIiqk pirpyKF dy aMqrgq ivcfrnf hovygf. pihlF iliKaf igaf hY ik sMqoK jI pRgqIvfdI kvI hn. fhr hY Auh dvMdvfdI pdfrQvfd dI kfiv-idRtI rfhIN kfiv vsqU-XQfrQ nUM smJ ky kfiv-rcnf ivwc rUpFqirq krdy hn ijs nUM smJx leI smkflI sMsfr dI rfjnIiqk-afriQk sMrcnf df boD krnf lfmI hY. ajoky Xuwg dIaF pRmuwK ivroDqfeIaF (
Law of Contradiction) hyT ilKy anusfr hn:
1) pUMjIvfdI dyF ivwc aMdrUnI yRixk ivroDqfeI: oxkfr RyxI aqy sLoq RyxI ivc
2) sfmrfjI dyF dI pRspr ivroDqfeI (mMzI hiQafAux leI)
3) sfmrfjI aqy smfjvfdI dyF dI ivroDqfeI
4) smfrfjI dyF aqy qIjy jgq (eyIaf, arIkf aqy lfqInI amrIkf) dI ivroDqfeI
sMqoK jI Auprokq ivroDqfeIaF dy aMdrUnI qrk aqy gqI df boD kr ky, oq RyxI, smfjvfdI dyF aqy qIjy jgq dy aivksq dyF dy hwk ivwc afpxI klm rfhIN kfrjIl huMdy hn. ies pRsMg ivwc hI AupRokq sfry sLbd afpxy arQ gRihx krdy hn ijvyN munfPLf sLbd oxkfr RyxI leI nYiqk KwtI df sUck hY prMqU sMqoK jI leI ieh bd oq sRLyxI dI kIqI anYiqk luwt-coNG df sUck hY. hryk bd dy arQ dy ivsQfr ivwc jfx dI QF, myrI bynqI hY ik ies pRsqfivq kuMjI nfl pfTk-jn afp Auprokq bdF dy arQF dy ijMdry KolH skdy hn. prMqU sMKyp ivwc ikhf jf skdf hY ik sMqoK jI dI kivqf df anuBv aqy sMvydnf, inafsiraF df afsrf, inEitaF dI Et, inhwiQaF dy hwQ, inpwiqaF dI pwq aqy bihblF df bl bxdy hn.
pUMjIvfdI dyF dy aMdrUnI Ryxk sMGr dy pRsMg ivwc sMqoK jI dI kfiv-idRtI nUM Auicq arQF ivwc smJx leI pUMjIvfdI ivvsQf (
Capitalist System) dy lwCxF nUM smJxf pvygf jo ies pRkfr hn:
1) RyxI smfj: do RyxIaF
    A) burjuafjI RyxI ijs df Aupj dy sfDnF AuWqy kbf huMdf hY.
    a) pRolyqfrI: ijhVI Aupj pYdf krn dI pRikRaf ivwc imhnq vycdI hY.
2) injI jfiedfd
3) munff
4) mukfblf
5) mMzIgq afriQkqf
6) pUMjI df iekwqrIpx
7) Aupj dy sMdF ivwc AunqI
8) afriQk sMkt afid pUMjIvfdI smfj ivwc burjuafjI RyxI df rfjswqf AuWqy vI kbf huMdf hY aqy Auh munff kmfAux, vDfAux, injI jfiedfd bxfAux, pUMjI hiQafAux afid dI pRikRaf ivwc pRolyqfrI RyxI dI luwt-coNG krdI hY. ieh dovyN RyxIaF prspr dvMdfqimk irqy ivwc bwJIaF huMdIaF hn aqy iehnF dy afriQk ihwq afps ivwc tkrfAux dI pRikRaf ivwc rihMdy hn. pRgqIvfdI kvI dI kfiv-aBIivakqI iehnF RyxIaF dy vKry vKry XQfrQ dy prspr tkrfE dy pRsMgF nfl sMbMiDq hY. dohF RyxIaF dy supny, suhj, svfd, afkFiKafvF, rIJF, AumMgF, loVF, sMBfvnfvF, klpnfvF, BfvnfvF, duwK, suwK, zr aqy sONdrX vwK vwK huMdy hn. mfrksvfd df KojafrQI kvI ies ivvwsQf dI qih dr qih, prq dr prq ProlidaF prfpq sfpyKk XQfrQ nUM pRolyqfrI RyxI dI idRtI qoN afpxy kfiv ivwc Zfl ky prsquq krdf hY.
ies pRsMg ivwc pRn Auqpn huMdf hY ik ies prfpq/sfpyKk XQfrQ nUM pRolyqfrI RyxI dy idRtIkox qoN rcnf-vsqU ivwc ikvyN smoieaf, rcfieaf, Zfilaf, Goilaf jfvy. ies pRikRaf dy smuwc nUM iewk GxCfvyN, suMdr, Pldfr ruwK nfl sMigaf dy ky BfvpUrq iswtf kwZx dI sMBfvnf Aujfgr ho skdI hY. ruwK dy hry-Bry pwqy, UbsUrq Puwl, imwTf BrpUr Pl, kfrbn zfeIafksfeIz nUM cUs ky afksIjn prdfn krn dI rihmq, mINh, hnyrI, JwKV nUM qn Aupr brdfq krn df jyrf, pMCIaF leI Tfhr, rfhIaF leI CF afid Ausdy asiqqv nUM suMdr, muwlvfn, pirafvrx leI mhwqvpUrx aqy kilafxkfrI sMdrB bKdy hn prMqU Aus dI smuwcI hoNd Aus dIaF mIn ivwc lukIaF jVHF krky hI kfiem rih skdI hY. dUjy bdF ivwc Aus dIaF jVHF Aus dI smuwcI hoNd df sB qoN vwD mhwqvpUrn aMg hn prMqU vyiKaF nr nhIN afAuNdIaF, hyTF DrqI ivwc lukIaF huMdIaF hn. eysy hI qrHF kvI nUM afpxf isDFqk idRtIkox aijhI ivDI jugq, klf/kOlqf, ibMb ivDfn, kflpink kqI, bd-cox, bd-jVq afid rfhIN afpxI rcnf ivwc sMcfirq krnf cfhIdf hY ik Auh rcnf dy Aupr qrdf jF ipaf nr nf afvy prMqU ruwK dIaF jVHF vFg ies ivwc zUMGf luikaf hovy.
Auprokq sMKyp crcf sMqoK jI dI kivqf nUM smJx/mulMkx krn ivwc shfeI ho skdI hY ijs df bhuq sMKyp rUp ivwc vrnx kIqf jfvygf. pYirs dI ipafs pusqk ivwc CpMjf kivqfvF sMimlq hn. sfrIaF hI arU dI bMd dIaF pfbMd nhIN. prMqU vDyry kivqfvF ivwc qukFq (
Rhyme) joiVaf igaf hY. keI QfeIN ieh rcnf/prvfh/vhf ivcoN Auqpn hox dI QF mkYnkI ZMg nfl vI prfpq huMdf hY. ijvyN qukF dy afKrI do isry pihlF joV ky ivckfr sMbMDq bd Bry hox. ijs kfrn ikqy ikqy sMcfr dI smwisaf vI isr cuwkdI hY. prMqU ieh byqukI, ibnF isr/pYr, ivgVI/ivgfVI vfrqk iblkul nhIN. ies df pYtrn kivqf df invyklf muhfvrf isrjdf hY. suMdr bdfvlI aqy ibMb-ivDfn dI jugq mn nUM BfAuNdI aqy tuMbdI hY.
pihlF ikhf jf cuwkf hY ik pRgqIvfdI isDFq sMqoK jI dy avcyqn, jIvn-jfc aqy aml df ainwKVvF aMg hY, ies leI ieh iswDy/aiswDy, proK/aproK, idsdy/aidsdy rUp aqy Gwt/vwD mfqrf ivwc ikqy nfarf lf ky iswDy prcfr rfhIN aqy ikqy koml bdfvlI, alMkfrk/ibMb-ivDfn rfhIN DIvIN sur ivc, kfiv-rcnf dI sMrcnf ivwc mOjUd rihMdf hY. kuwJ kivqfvF qF inrol aMqr-rftrI/rftrI rfjnIiqk GtnfvF/vrqfiraF nfl sMbMDq hn aqy iehnF df pRyrnf sRoq pwqrF, ryzIE, tYlIivXn jF ieMtrnYt rfhIN prfpqI kIqI sUcnf-smwgrI hY ijvyN ikRs hnI, stIv bIko, isiqafgo dy cOk aqy kfbl afid. aijhIaF kivqfvF dI pRikRaf ivwc zUMGy AuWqridaF prqIq huMdf hY ik fier ny afpxy isDFq nUM pRsquq krn vjoN iehnF GtnfvF/vrqfiraF nUM bfhrI pRsMg (
Objective co-relative) vjoN gRihx kIqf hY aqy Aus dI suMdr kfiv-klf BMg hoeI hY. ikqy ikqy qF fier jo ivwc gflI-gloc qk AuqfrU ho jFdf hY ijvyN KrsKfDI XU aYWn E kuwqy vFg kUkdI (ikRs hnI pMnf 104). fier nUM igafn hoxf cfhIdf hY ik kuwqf nhIN koiel kUkdI huMdI hY. kuwqf BONkdf hY.
myrf awjvF Audy-Bfv sMqoK jI dIaF kivqfvF ivcoN klfqimk aqy isDFqk fmIaF, GftF qy AUxqfeIaF pRgtfAuxf nhIN. ies qr mYN hor ivsQfr ivwc nhIN jfvFgf. aijhI smkflI pRgqIvfdI kivqf dI mhwqqf ies pRsMg ivwc hY ik ieh irafsqI pUMjI (
State Capital), ivwqI pUMjI (Financial capital) aqy swnaqI pUMjI (Multinational Corporations) dy rlvyN dOr ivwc ivv bYNk, aMqr-rftrI mudrf ko PMz aqy ivv ivEpfr kyNdr rfhIN ivvIkrx, injIkrx aqy AudfrIkrx dIaF nIqIaF dy pfsfr, prcfr qy sMcfr df sfmrfjI ichrf-muhrf nMgf hox krky nvyN mfnvI sMsfr dy supny isrjdI hY. pfTk/sroqy aqy kuwl dunIaf dy imhnqk lokF nUM iehnF mfrU nIqIaF pRqI sucyq krky iehnF ivruwD sMGr krn leI Auqfh aqy pRyrnf bKdI hY.
hwQlI pusqk dIaF ijhnF kivqfvF ivwc fier dI kfiv-idRtI Aus dy prqwKx (
perception) gRihx kqI (cognition) qy rfjnIqk sMGr dy aml rfhIN iksy mfnvI srokfr/siQqI nfl juV ky aiBivakq hoeI hY Auh kivqfvF AusdI XQf-sLkq isLlp-klf, jugqF, ibMb-qrfI, klpnf kqI, bd-cox, bd-joV, rs-isDFq afid dy guxF kfrn vDyry klfmeI hn ijvyN bIbI jIxI, irqy, pwqx, kfl-klMkI, myiraF nYxF `c jwg hY, awj kuVI aqy aDUrI kivqf afid. do AuWqm nmUny vyKo:
Auhdy jIvn dIaF sLuafvF
iks ibD CMd bxfvF
ijhnI rfhIN Auh sI quiraf
rfh AuhnF dI DUV nf lwgI
jIBF qy pr Kol cVHf ky
jfdU vrgy bol bxf ky
hovy nf ieh mYQoN pUrI
Bgq isMG bfry
kivqf myrI rfhy aDUrI.
(aDUrI kivqf pMnf 57)
ies kivqf ivwc ajoky mwDvrgI buwDIjIvIaF AuWqy bhuq hI zUMGy aqy sUm rUp ivwc ivaMg AuplbD hY.
irqy dI loV
hY mUl nfl bwDI
ijs df ivafj Aumr KFdI hY
qy nvyN iafl AupjFdI hY
iaflF dI sFJ
rihMdI nhIN bFJ
(irqy pMnf 70)
ieh kivqf fier dI afpxy isDFq nfl pRqIbwDqf dI sUck hY.
ies pusqk df smuwcf kfiv, oq/vMicq RyxI, qIjI dunIaf dy grIb lokF, sfmrfjI jMg ivruwD jUJdy dyF dy XoiDaF aqy smuwcI mnuwKqf dy duwK, drd aqy kuMTf df pRvcn hY ijhVf ikqy iswDI, srl, spft aqy ikqy ibMbmeI, KLUbsUrq bdfvlI rfhIN afkfr gRihx krdf hY. ies ivwc pRsquq kfivk hvfly dunIaf Br dy kroVF imhnqkF dy supinaF aqy sMGrF dI gfQf nUM pRkfmfn krdy hn. ieh ajoky ivjogIkrx, dyhIkrx, amfnvIkrx aqy akivkrx dy dOr ivwc mfnvI kdrF-kImqF df pRqIk hY ijs df Auicq mulMkx pRgqIvfdI kfiv-fsqr rfhIN hI sMBv hY.

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