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sun surjIq pfqr dy / vfirs fh sun df vfirs

 

- surjIq pfqr

ieho-jy vI iml jfdy ny nftk krvfAux vfly! / aKy, jI, asIN ivafh ivwc zrfmf krvfAuxY!

 

- ajmyr isMG aOlK

ieMJ bixaF sfzf bkfiedf kvIrI jwQf

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

blYk nIgro ingr

 

- suKpfl

kflf bMdf

 

- suKpfl

XfdF dI kbr ivwcoN (dUjI lVI)

 

- amIn milk

rsqy dI qlf ivc

 

- svrn cMdn

mFvF vrgI mF sI myrI

 

- suirMdr mMz

sunihrI iknfrI vflf bwdl

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

15 kroV isWK

 

- iqRlocn isMG igWl

ieho ijhf hY myrf Xfr suKivMdr

 

- guridlbfgL isMG bfGf

AUDm isMG hId dI nvIN-lwBI qsvIr

 

- amrjIq cMdn

dUjf rbfbI mrdfnf

 

- afr[ zI[ inrMkfrI

sLfhkfr khfxIaF / Byq vflI gwl

 

- sMqoK isMG DIr

Bgq isMG ikhVf ?

 

- sMqoK isMG sMqoK

afE kMipAUtr iswKIey

 

- ikrpfl isMG pMnUM

pMjfbI aOrq: aMqr rftrI srokfr

 

- zf[ blivMdr kOr brfV

lihMdy pMjfb ivc pMjfbI jLbfn : iewk jfiejLf

 

- drsLn isMG afsLt (zf[)

alIgVH df XUnIvrst-hjLfrf isMG rmqf

 

- iekbfl mfhl

iek lVfeI jo huMdI huMdI tlL geI

 

- afstRylIaf qoN igafnI sMqoK isMG

ihMsf

 

- dljIq isMG, aYzimMtn

sYks-vfqsfien, Prfiez qoN Eo qwk / afDuink aOrq

 

- jsvIr dusFJ

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYrON

aKOqI mfzrn BUMzF dI KwKr CyVidaF

 

- zf ruipMdrjIq kOr igwl

inmK (amrjIq sfQI) dI kivqf

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

aY! pMjfb-myry ipwqrF dI Drq

 

- zf amrjIq tFzf

mYN isWK hF

 

- hrkIrq sSDr

ky nyVY ky dUir / sMqoK isMG sMqoK df kfiv-sMgRih: pYirs dI ipafs

 

- gurnfm iZwloN

iMdgI

 

- kbIr aroVf

klmF dI suwkI isafhI awK notF vwl

 

- buWD isMG nIloN

quhfzy KLq

 


 alIgVH df XUnIvrst-hjLfrf isMG rmqf
- iekbfl mfhl

 

 

hjLfrf isMG rmqf 1969 ivwc trFto progrfm krn afieaf qF iewQy dIaF lMbUqrIaF kfrF dyK ky moihq ho igaf. afpxy dys ivwc kI ipaf hY? afAux vflLy smyN ivwc bwicaF df kI bxygf? kYnyzf ivwc afAux leI keI lokI afpxF sB kuJ kurbfn krn leI iqafr ho jFdy ny. ieho ijhIaF socF ivwc bwJf Auh trFto hI itk igaf.
myrI rmqy nfl vfkPLI knyzf af ky hI hoeI. idwlI qoN myry qfieaf jI df lVkf, arjIq grmIaF dIaF CuwtIaF kwtx 1960 ivwc pMjfb sfzy kolL afieaf, qF iewk vfr Aus ny rmqy df ijLkr kIqf sI; bws ies qoN vwD kuJ nhIN. AunHIN idnI sfzy mnorMjn df sfDn kyvl ryzIE hI huMdf sI. kdy-kdy ivafh sLfdIaF dy mOky AuWqy ipMzF ivwc lfAUzspIkr vI vwjdy sn. pr mYN rmqy nMU, Bfrq ivwc rihMidaF, vyiKaf qF iewk pfsy, suixaf qwk vI nhIN sI.
mYN afpxy Coty Brf qy mfqf nfl, 1963 ivwc, apxy ipqf kolL ieMglYNz af igaf. 1964 ivwc myry cfcf jI, afpxF ivafh Bfrq ivwc krvfky, ieMglYNz muV afey. AunHF ny afpxy leI kuJ irkfrz KLrId ky ilaFdy jo 78 dI spIz nfl cldy sn; pwQr dy qvy. AunHF ivwcoN iewk irkfrz sI rmqy dI twbrdfrI. lMmf gIq, awDf qvy dy iewk pfsy sI aqy awDf dUjy pfsy. ieh, rmqy dI afvfjL aqy sLfierI nfl, myrI jfx-pCfx sI. kivqf gf ky suxfAux df rmqy df aMdfjL mYnUM bhuq psMd afieaf. ieh idlcsp kivqf mYnUM hfly vI pUrI dI pUrI Xfd hY.
bI. ey. pfs ptoHly vrgI jd mYN qIvIN ilafieaf
ipMzF dy ivwc peIaF DMumF rmqy ivafh krvfieaf.
by-Gr qoN Gr vflf bixaF lwutF inwq bhfrF,
afkV-afkV turdf nfly vwt muwCF nMU cfVHF.
Cwq pfV ky dyNdf ey rwb hwQ Esdy lMmy,
dsvF mhInF cVHdy sfrI kuwkU horIN jMmy.
...ies kivqf ivwc lokF nMU pirvfr Coty rwKx leI pryiraf igaf hY. ies kivqf ny mYnUM rmqy dI klf df pRsMsk bxf idqf.
trFto dy nyVy, mfltn gurdvfry ivwc 1971 ivwc gurU goibMd isMG jI df jnm idn mnfieaf jf irhf sI. AuWQy mYN rmqy nMU pihlI vfr vyiKaf qy suixaF. 1972 dI ivsfKI AuWQy mYN iewk swiBafcfrk progrfm sfzy sLihr bRYNptn ivwc krvfieaf, ijs ivwc rmqy ny afpxIaF kivqfvF nfl lokF nMU moh ilaf. ieh sfzI dosqI dI sLurUafq sI. hux Auh ipafr nfl mYnUM lwlU lfl kih ky bulfAuNdf hY. duwK-suwK ivwc myry nfl KVHdf hY.
trFto ivwc rmqf itk qF igaf pr krdf kI? iksy imwqr ny iewk ptrol pMp AuWqy kMm lwB idqf. rmqf pihly idn kMm leI igaf, atYnsLYn ho ky KVHf sI ik iewk dsqfrbMd BfeI sfihb ptrol puafAux leI afey. rmqy ny ptrol pfieaf, qy pRBfv pfAux leI kfr df mohrlf sLIsLf (ivMzskrIn) sfPL krn lwg ipaf. KLusL ho ky srdfr sfihb ny kuJ sYNt itwp vjoN rmqy dI qlI AuWqy rwKy. kfr vflf qF clf igaf pr rmqy dIaF awKF ivwcoN prl-prl awQrU vg qury. ikQy hjLfrF dI igxqI ivwc rmqy dI hfsrs BrI afvfjL nwcdI, lok iklkfrIaF mfrdy. sfry pfsy bih jf bih jf huMdI. Auh Tok ky leI afpxI PIs jyb ivwc pfAuNdf, aqy pYgw aMdr iswtdf. ieh sB kuJ afpxy dys ivwc vfprdf sI. Auh apxy afp nMU keI vfrI iPtkfrdf lY ilaf suafd kYnyzf df, pr hux kI ho skdf sI?
rmqf awj vI kYnyzf rihMdf hY. afpxy bIq cuwky bfry, bVy AuqsLfh nfl gwlF suxfAuNdf hY. Auh gwl mwTI nhIN pYx idMdf, koeI nf koeI totkf suxf ky iZwzI pIVF pf idMdf hY.
sLkl sUrq qo Auh kvI nhIN, pihlvfn lwgdf hY. vwzIaF roabdfr muwCF, afvfjL ivwc gVHkf. rqf ku Kurcoo, qF KusL-imjLfjLI aqy lqIPLybfjLI df mujwsmf AuGV afAuNdf hY. ies Kry bMdy aMdr iewk suMdr idl hY qy qMdrusq soc.
rmqy df jnm 1 agsq, 1926, nMU ipMz igwl cwk, ijLlHf imMtgumrI, ivwc iewk ijLmINdfrf pirvfr ivwc hoieaf. Gr vflLy KyqI bfVI nfl sOKI gujLr krdy sn. sLurU qoN hI rmqy nMU gfAux df sLOk sI. bfpU jI ny ikhf, Auey qMU ieh kMjrF vflf kI kMm PiVaf hY? gfAuxf hY, qF kIrqn kiraf kr. rmqf srvx pwuqr vFg kIrqn iswKx lwg ipaf. BfeI iemfm KLfn sihb, jo mrdfnyy dy Grfxy ivwcoN sn, df cylf bx igaf.
Aus dy ipMz dy muslmfn pirvfr afpxy muMizaF nMU skUl dI pVHfeI qoN bfad alIgVH Byjdy sn. dsvIN krn qoN bfad inwky hjLfrf isMG igwl ny afpxy bfp nMU XkIn idvfieaf ik alIgVH dI AuWc-ividaf pRfpq krky Ausdf zI. sI. lgxf pwkf ho jfvygf. bfpU ny, aOKy ho ky vI, pwuq nMU alIgVH leI rvfnf kr idqf. alIgVHH XUnIvrstI nMU rmqf pVHfeI df awzf nhIN sgoN iesLk df awzf mMndf hY. iewQoN hI Aus nMU sLfierI df sLOk jfigaf. iewQy hI Aus ny bI. aYsw. sI. pfs kIqI.
Aus dy dwsx anusfr Aus ny bfad ivwc bnfrs qoN sMgIq dI bI. ey. aqy pRo. inhfl isMG rs dy igafnI kflj aMimRqsr qoN igafnI pfs kr leI. ies qoN mgroN Aus ny kuJ sfl POj ivwc vI gujLfry. ies nOkrI vyly Auh eIrfn ivwc keI vrHy irhf. iewQy Aus dI kflj dy vyly pVHI PLfrsI bVI kMm afeI. ienHF idnF ivwc rmqf pgVI vflf srdfr huMdf sI.
mulk dI vMz mgroN, 1947 ivwc, Ausdy pirvfr nMU luiDafxy dy nyVy ipMz jmfl pur ivwc jLmIn alft hoeI, pr rmqy ny idwlI afx zyry lfey. idwlI af ky rotI-rojLI Kfqr keI iksm dy pfpV vyly. iewQy hI Aus nMU brkq pMjfbI qy `qyjf isMG sfbr vrgy sLfier dosq imly ijnHF qoN Aus nMU afpxF Aupnfm rmqf imilaf.
pihlF-pihlF rmqf kvI drbfrF ivwc kyvl kivqf hI piVHaf krdf sI. pMjfbI sLfierI leI Auh BfeIaf eIsLr isMG eIsLr nMU afpxF Ausqfd dwsdf hY qy AurdU dI sLfierI leI kwQk pMnF lfl idlbr nMU. eIsLr isMG eIsLr qoN bfad rmqy ny iewk styjI kvI vjoN, hfsy aqy ktfksL rfhIN, sroiqaF nMU kIl ky rwiKaf hY. rmqf afp kivqf ilKdf, afp hI iswDy srl aMdfjL ivwc qrnMm ivwc bMnHdf hY. Aus dI hfsrs dI sLfierI ivwc, khfvqF, afKfx, qsLbIhF afm pfENgy. Aus dI afvfjL ivwc jwtF vrgy KrHvypx qy gVHk ny rmqy nMU sLfierF ivwc ivlwKxqf idwqI.
Ausqfd lok-gfiek lfl cMd Xmlf nMU Aus ny 1954 ivwc idwlI gfAuNdf vyiKaf. Aus dI qMUbI df aMdfjL rmqy nMU bhuq psMd afieaf, aqy Aus nyy afpxI gfiekI leI vI qUMbI nMU apxf ilaf. hfsrs dI kivqf nMU gfAux dI Aus dI ies nvyklI klf df jnm ho igaf. pihlI vfr Aus ny idwlI dy ryzIE stysLn qo jugnI gfeI. hOlLI-hOlLI rmqf lokF ivwc, KLfs kr ky kfilj dy nOjvfnF ivwc, hrmn ipafrf hox lwgf.
ihjL mfstrjL vfies kMpnI ny 1956 ivwc Ausdf pihlf irkfrz lMzn dI sYr Biraf. Aus dy nfl rmqy dI msLhUrI hor vDI. mYN rmqy nMU puwiCaf, lMzn gey bgLYr lMzn dI sYr ikvyN ilK leI? Auh kihx lwgf, ieh kivqf lMzn bfry QoVHI hI ey, ieh qF iewk mUVH jwt bfry aY, jo nvIN dunIaF vyK ky ckf cOND ho jFdf qy ieho ijhI dunIaF ivwc iPwt nhIN ho skdf. ieh sMqf isMG-bMqf isMG dy msLhUr lqIiPLaF vFg hY.
PLyr rmqy nMU styj AuWqy nfl gfAux leI pMjfbI dI msLhUr gfiekf prkfsL kOr df sfQ iml igaf. kYnyzf afAux qwk Auh iekwTy hI progrfm krdy rhy. jd vI prkfsL kOr df ijLkr hovy rmqf siqkfr nfl bIqy smyN nMU Xfd krdf hY. Auh kihMdf hY, gfAux vflIaF BfvyN keI hoeIaF hn pr pRkfsL kOr df afpxF hI rMg sI. jdoN 1982 ivwc pRkfsL kOr clfxf kr geI qF rmqy ny myry kihx qy iewk gLjLl ilKI :
Xfd rih jFdI ey iensfn cly jFdy ny.
ijAuNN idny rfq dy mihmfn cly jFdy ny.
jdoN rmqy ny ieh gLjLl myry tI. vI. progrfm AuWqy gfeI qF Aus dy awQrU vih qury.
rmqy dIaF sfrIaF njLmF aqy Aus dy GVy lqIiPLaF ivwc rojLfnf ijLMdgI dIaF swcfeIaF hn. rmqf nvIN idwlI ivwc, rmqf mymF ivwc, qy rmqf aPLrIkf ivwc afid kivqfvF lokF ivwc byhwd mkbUl hoeIaF. rmqy ny rmqy df dUjf ivafh irkfrz krvfieaf, AudoN Aus df afpxF ivafh ajy nhIN sI hoieaf.
iewk idn mYN puwiCaf, clo rmqf jI afpxy ivafh df ikwsf qF suxfE. copiVaF dI DI quhfzy vrgy jwt nfl... ikvyN iPwt ho geI?
bws jI, ienHF nMU mYN psMd af igaf.
ivafh ikvyN hoieaf?
gurdvfry ivwc.
qy hnImUn?
vfh hnImUn! dUr jfx df sbr iks pfs sI, bws koTy AuWqy hnImUn mnf ilaf.
jdoN sfzy nfl hI bYTI Aus dI pqnI rfj nMU ivafh bfry pwuiCaf qF Aus ny dwisaf, myryy ipqf jI TykydfrI dy nflL-nflL sLfierI df sLOk rwKdy sn. AunHF dI vfkPLI rmqy horF nfl iksy kvI drbfr ivwc ho geI. Aus qoN bfad rmqf jI df sfzy Gr afAux jfx ho igaf.
mYN iPLr puwiCaf, hor dwso?
Aus ny dwisaf, rmqf jI dI nIlI dsqfr aqy gUVHy rMg dy kwpVy, qy AuWproN rMg swuK nfl...! mYnUM iblkul psMd nhIN sn. mYN afpxI mF nMU ikhf ies afdmI nMU Gr nf bulfieaf kro. pr rmqf jI nMU myrI mF bhuq psMd krdI sI. iPr hOlLy-hOlLy myrI psMd vI bx gey. ieMnf ku dws ky rfj rmqf dy ichry qy rOxk af geI, sLfied bIqy 40 sflF dI Xfd iPLr qfjLf ho geI sI.
rmqf iPwt aqy surIlf sLbd afpxI gwlbfq ivwc bhuq vrqdf hY. ieh sLbd Aus dI gwl bfq df ainwKVvF aMg hn. dfl svfdI hovy qF Auh khygf, beI dfl bVI surIlI hY, jF Plfxy muMzy dI, PlfxI kuVI nfl khfxI iPwt ho geI.
rmqf grIb-invfjL hY, hr iksy dI loV pYx AuWqy ivqoN bfhrI shfieqf krdf hY. ies bfry Aus dy nfl Bfrq ivwc Zolk vjfAux vflLy iewk imwqr, lok cfvlf ny mYnUM keI purfxy ikwsy suxfey. Aus dwisaf ik AunHIN idnI cfvly dI afriQk hflq cMgI nhIN sI. ipqf ibmfr sI qy jvfn BYxF ivafhux vflIaF sn. rmqf Aus dI imQI hoeI PLIs qoN ielfvf afpxI sfQx prkfsL kOr dI njLr bcf ky ienfmF vflLI rkm ivwcoN, notF df rug Br ky Aus dy Zolk vflLy bYg ivwc pf idMdf.
jd dI sfzI jfx pihcfx hoeI hY, Auh myry krvfey hr progrfm AuWqy afieaf. ieh progrfm iksy hfl ivwc hovy jF myry Gr, afey klfkfrF dI ijwQy Aus ny idloN, ZukvIN qfrIPL kIqI, AuWQy Aus ny KuwlH ky mfieaf dI syvf vI kIqI.
bIqy sflF qoN Aus dy sfry progrfm mYN hI buwk krdf af irhf hF. jd vI hr sfl, grmIaF ivwc, suirMdr kOr trFto afeI, styj AuWqy rmqy ny Aus df sfQ idwqf. 1982 ivwc asIN progrfm krn klIvlYNz jf rhy sF, rsqy ivwc mYN ikhf, rmqf jI, quhfzIaF kivqfvF purfxIaF ho cuwkIaF hn; koeI nvIN gwl ilKo? rmqy ny ikhf, koeI gwl nhIN, ijvyN qusI kihMdy ho golI iPwt kr dyNdy aF. afAux vflLy 6 ku mhIinaF ivwc Aus dIaF keI nvIaF kivqfvF iqafr sn ijnHF df mYN 1983 ivwc iewk aYlw. pI. irkfrz bxvfieaf, ijs df tfeItl sI rmqf kYnyzf ivwc. ies irkfrz ivwc Aus dI pihlI kivqf hY rmqy dI kuVmfeI, ies ivwc Aus dy jMmx qoN lYky kYnyzf afAux qwk dI khfxI hY. Aus dI dUsrI kivqf, rmqf knyzf ivwc hY ijs ivwc Aus dI kYnyzf pwujx dI khfxI hY. qIsrI kivqf, rmqy dI nsbMdI bVI idlcsp hY, ies ivwc jdoN Auh 1976 ivwc lwgI aYmrjYNsI vyly kYnyzf qoN vfips idwlI jFdf hY qF Aus nfl jo gLujLrdI hY Aus df vyrvf hY. lE hfjLr hY ies kivqf ivwcoN kuJ sqrF:

rmqf rihMdf dys knyzf bIqy sfl igafrF
muV cwilaf luiDafxf vyKx akl dy vwjy bfrF
jMnq vrgI DrqI Cwz ky Pwkx cwilaf Gwtf
sfry kihx mwq qyrI ikAuN mfrI geI ey jwtf
imsl bVI msLhUr, jwg AuWqy kihx isafxy bMdy
igwdV nwsy sLihr vwl nMU jd idn afAuNdy ny mMdy
Cwz ky sLihr trFto cwilaf kr ky Puwl iqafrI
vfr sLincr quiraf ipwCoN ibwlI ny iCwk mfrI
hoeI bd-sLgnI vyK afpxF ihwl igaf pytf qfxf
vyKI jfAU Xfr jI kyrF qwkxf ey luiDafxf
AuWproN qfixaF sInF afpF aMdroN DoqI iZwlI
Cwz knyzf rmqy horI af phuMcy iPr idwlI
sMn iChwqr aYmrjYNsI lwgI dys ivwc sfry
zr df mfrf jY ieMdrf dI hr koeI lfAuNdf nfhry
vDdI hoeI afbfdI nMU ieMdrf khy Gtfxf
ibnF hukm srkfrI jMm nhIN skdf koeI inafxf
nvyN ivafhy joiVE mMjy vwKry-vwKry zfh lE
qfjLy jMmx vflLy bwicE qusIN brykF lf lE
ieMdrf df afzr ieh sux lE Bfrq vfsI sfry
ns bMdI krvf ky ho jfE sfry mrd inkfry
hukm hoieaf srkfroN kwt idE sB mrdF dI nfVI
sUrimAuN qlvfrF Cwz ky mfrnI isK lE qfVI
sLfdI sLudf jF CVf kuafrf ijhVf imldf Zfa lE
sfbq koeI mrd rhy nf sB df inwk suwk lfh lE
ijhVf awgoN boly Auhdy mUMh AuWqy lf idE ijMdrf
ieMdrf dy ies rfj dy aMdr ieMdrI rhU jF ieMdrf

rmqf ny ieh kivqf ieMdrf gFDI dy Coty pwuqr sMjy gFDI nMU Aus dI mOq qoN iewk rfq pihlF idwlI ivwc suxfeI sI. rmqy dI cOQI kivqf hY `cVHI jvfnI rmqy nMU. ies kivqf ivwc iewk buVHf muV jvfnI ilafAux dy cwkr ivwc jwuqIaF Kf bYTdf hY. pMjvIN kivqf hY rmqy pIxI Cwz idwqI ey ies ivwc Aus ny afpxy ZMg nfl sLrfb Cwzx bfry idlcsp khfxI nMU kfiv rUp idqf hY. afKLrI kivqf hY rmqf rwb kolL. ies ivwc rmqy dI mOq, qy rwb nfl mulfkfq bfry iliKaf hY. ies irkfrz df mYnUM qF koeI KLfs afriQk PLfiedf nhIN hoieaf pr Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn ivwc vwK-vwK 6 kMpnIaF ny jfhlI typF vyc ky lohVy dy pYsy kmfey.
bIqy sflF ivwc rmqy nfl progrfm kridaF keI idlcsp GtnfvF vfprIaF hn. iewk vfr Auus nMU mYN afpxy Brf arjIq kolL inAUXfrk progrfm leI Byijaf. jdoN myrf Brf rmqy nMU lYx phuMicaf qF Aus nMU eyarport AuWqy koeI BfrqI njLr nhIN afieaf. AuWQy kyvl gory jF kflLy (hbsLI) hI sn. myrf Brf rmqy dy nf phuMcx AuWqy prysLfn sI. ijnHF nMU Auh kflLy smJdf sI, iqMn cfr vfrI rmqy nMU lwBdf AunHF dy kolL dI lMG igaf. ieMnI dyr nMU AunHF kfilLaF ivwcoN iewk sUitz-bUitz ivakqI ijs dy isr AuWqy hYt aqy mUMh ivwc pfeIp sI, ny af ky ikhf, srdfr sfihb! ikqy qusIN rmqy nMU qF nhIN lwB rhy?
rmqf isr ivwc blwz klOt hox kfrn 1992 ivwc sKq ibmfr ho igaf. iewQoN qk ik Auh afpxI XfddfsLq kuJ smyN leI guaf bYTf. Aus df bfhr inklxf vI qkrIbn bMd ho igaf sI. rmqy dI Drm pqnI ny suJfa idqf, jy rmqf jI bfhr aMdr inklx qF sLfied CyqIN qMdrusq ho skxgy. pr nfl ieh vI ikhf ik iekwilaF nMU bfhr nhIN Byjxf. so myrf Aus dy hr progrfm ivwc dyK Bfl leI jfxf lfjLmI ho igaf. asIN trFto qoN koeI 350 mIl dUr amrIkf dy iewk sLihr kolMbs progrfm krn gey. mYN hfl dy zrYisMg rUm ivwc rmqy nMU ibTf ky ikhf, rmqf jI, qusIN iewQoN nf ihwilE, qy nf hI iksy nfl aYvyN mwQf mfirE; jdoN styj AuWqy jfx dI quhfzI vfrI afvygI, mYN afp af ky quhfnMU lY jFvFgf. hux qusI arfm kro, qy cfh Cko.
mYN styj AuWqy jf ky progrfm ivwc ruwJ igaf. jdoN mYN rmqy nMU Aus dI vfrI vyly, styj AuWpr ilafAux leI igaf, qf Auh iksy srdfr sfihb, nfl gwlF kr irhf sI. AunHF dI cwl rhI gwlbfq ivwcoN rmqy dI afKLrI sqr myry kMnI peI, ...vyKo jI ivcfrf nMd lfl nUrpurI gLrIbI dy duwKoN, KUh ivwc zwub ky mr igaf. mYnUM afAuNidaF vyK ky rmqf cwup ho igaf. srdfr sfihb jo inAuro-srjn sn ny rmqy nMU puwiCaf, rmqf jI, ieh nMd lfl nUrpurI kOx sI? zfktr sfihb dI ieh gwl suxky rmqy df mMUh awizaf df awizaf rih igaf.
rmqy nUM ieh kihx dI bVI rIJ hY ik Aus ny alIgVH XUnIvristI qoN bI. aYsw. sI. pfs kIqI hY. ieh Aus dy kfrz AuWqy vI iliKaf hY. iewk vfr asIN trFto qoN apxI sMgIqkfrF dI tolI lY ky ipwtsbrg progrfm krn gey. mYN sdf vFg rmqy df styj AuWqy quafrPL krvfieaf qy aMq ivwc ikhf, quhfzy ivwcoN bhuq Gwt lok ieh jfxdy hoxgy ik rmqf jI alIgVH XUnIvristI dy grYjUeyt hn. lokF ny qfVIaF nfl rmqy df suafgq kIqf. DMnvfd kridaF hoieaF rmqy dy mUMhoN acfnk inkilaf, ijvyN iekbfl ny quhfnMU dwisaf hY ik mYN, alIgVHH df XUnIvrst hF. Aus dI gwl ajy ivcly hI sI ik lokF dIaF qfVIaF nfl hfl gUMj AuWiTaf. Aus dy pRsMsk Aus dI kivqf ivcly pfqr aqy Aus dy styj dy ilbfs qoN aksr tplf Kf jFdy hn ik ieMnf iswDf sfdf jwt piVHaf iliKaf ikvyN ho skdf hY?
1984 ivwc hoey nIlf qfrf dy sfky bfad Aus dy idl nMU eynI cot puwjI ik Auh vI kuJ smyN leI KLfilsqfnI bx igaf. Ausy hPLqy Auh myry ryzIE progrfm AuWqy afieaf kihx lwgf, mYN iewk kivqf pVHnI hY. mYN ikhf, jLrUr pVHo. ieMdrf gFDI bfry Aus dI kivqf dIaF do ku sqrF hfly vI myry idmfg ivwc GMumdIaF ny :
lfvfirs pMjfb dI vfirs nihrU dI sMqfn bxI hY.
cor Aucwky bxy cODrI guMzI rMn prDfn bxI hY.
AudoN Aus ny dfVHI aqy kys vDf ley sn. kuJ vrHy, Auh swcy idloN KLfilsqfn dy hwk ivwc kivqfvF ilKdf irhf. hux KLfilsqfn dy BUq ny Aus df KihVf Cwz idqf hY. jy hux puwCo qF rmqf kihMdf hY, mYN hflfq dI qPLqIsL kIqI aY. KLfilsqfn ivwc kuJ nhIN ipaf. pMjfbIaF nMU rl ky rihxf cfhIdY. pihlF hI akflIaF dI isafxp ny hirafxf pMjfb ivwcoN kZf idwqf hux cMzIgVH dy nF AuWqy pMjfb dy lokF dI DOVI luhfeI jFdy ny. sfry mulk ivwc sfzI pwg rolL ky rwK idwqI. dyKo jI, jy akflI pMjfb ivwc srkfr bxfAux qF gVbVI PYl jFdI aY. jdoN kFgrs af jFdI hY qF sLFqI; ieh sB isafsq aY. keI vfrI Auh kihMdf hY, kYnyzf af ky hor kuJ qF Kwitaf nhIN, pr jfn dI KwtI ho geI. jy dys ivwc rihMdf. qF ho skdf 84 dy dm igaF vyly mYnUM vI PUk idwqf jFdf. rmqf sLurU qoN hI srkfr ivroDI ivcfr rwKdf irhf hY.
rmqf iewk suihrd imwqr hY; vkq pYx AuWqy Auh afp hI mdd krn leI hfjLr ho jFdf hY. kuJ vrHy hoey suirMdr kOr dI vwzI DI zOlI afpxy vwzy pwuqr idlpRIq df ielfj krvfAux leI trFto afeI qy myry pfs 7 mhIny dy lwgBg rhI. Aus dy puwqr df ielfj ijs hspqfl ivwc ho irhf sI, Auh myry Gr qoN 40 mIl dUr sI. myrI nOkrI dy kfrx, myry leI Aus nMU hr rojL Cwzxf qy vfips ilafAuxf musLikl ho jFdf sI. myrI ies smiswaf nMU smJdy hoey rmqy ny ieh syvf afpxy isr lY leI. AunHIN idnIN rmqf afpxI tYksI clfAuNdf sI. keI vfr zOlI qy Aus dy puwqr nMU ilafAux df smF ho jFdf. jy rmqy dI tYksI ivwc koeI svfrI huMdI, qF Auh afpxI mjbUrI dws ky Aus nMU awDvfty hI koeI hor tYksI lwB ky Auqfr idMdf aqy afp smyN isr hspqfl jf hfjLr huMdf.
myrI sLfdI 1989 ivwc hoeI qF AudoN myrI pqnI mnjIq df sfzy sLihr koeI irsLqydfr nhIN sI. jd rmqy nMU ies bfry pqf lwgf qF Aus ny mnjIq dy bfp dIaF syvfvF iKVy mwQy afpxy isr lY leIaF, ijnHF nMU Auh awj qk hr idn iqAuhfr qy bVI apxwq nfl inBfAuNdf af irhf hY.
drasl jdoN df Auh kYnyzf afieaf hY, styj nfl Auh Aus qrHF bwJ nhIN sikaf ijvyN Auh cfhuMdf hY. trFto af ky ptrol pMp dI nOkrI qoN bfad mkYnkI kr leI. iPLr koeI 20 virHaF qoN vwD tYksI clfeI. rmqf kihMdf hY, tYksI clfAux df bVf swuK irhf hY. jd idl kIqf qF KVHI kr ky sON gey. kivqf dy totky bxdy idwsx qF kivqf ilK leI. pr jo bfdsLfhq qy iewjLq mMcF AuWqy jf ky huMdI sI Auh hux ikwQy? qd rmqf mfXUs ho jFdf hY. Aus nUM afpxI Bfrq ivclI bwly-bwly Xfd afAuNdI hY.
bIqy sflF ivwc Auh mMc AuWqy Gwt hI igaf. iPLr vI Aus ny gOx df sLOk kfiem rwiKaf hY. Auh kihMdf hY, sLOk mr jfey qF bMdf mr jFdf hY! hux pihlf vFg Aus nMU progrfm df lgfqfr bulfvf nhIN afAuNdf. jd bulfvf afvy qF Auh KLusL ho jFdf hY. kuJ mhIny hoey Auh afstrylIaf qy ieMglYNz df sPLl tUr krky afieaf hY, qy hux KLusLI ivwc KIvf hoieaf iPrdf hYY.
awj kwlH rmqf afpxI pqnI rfj nfl buZfpf kwt irhf hY. tYksIaF dIaF plytF ikrfey AuWqy dy rwKIaF hn, ijnHF dy, hr mhIny, kfPI zflr af jFdy hn. kYnyzf srkfr qoN buZfpy dI pYnsLn imldI hY. afriQk pwKoN Auh suKflf hY. pr buZfpy ivwc rmqy aqy Aus dI pqnI dIaF afpxIaF mOjF ivwc, jdoN keI vfrI kbIldfrI dIaF kuJ mjbUrIaF af KVodIaF hn, qF Auh Audfs ho jFdf hY.
rmqf kyvl afpxy kMmF ivwc keI vfr afls kr jFdf hY. Aus ny, myrf kihxf mMn ky, afpxIaF pusqkF iqafr kIqIaF jo Bfpf pRIqm isMG ny kuJ sfl hoey CfpIaF hn. rmqy dy hfsy Aus dIaF hfsrs dIaF kivqfvF df sMgRih hY. prdysI rmqf ivwc Aus dy afm gIq aqy gLjLlF sLfml hn ijs ivwc Aus ny AunHF rfgF dI vI jfxkfrI idwqI hY ijnHF ivwc Auh gfAuxIaF cfhIdIaF hn. AusdI dI qIsrI ikqfb, rmqf dry mYKLfnF, AusdIaF AurdU dIaF gLjLlF df sMgRih hY. ieh iqMny pusqkF pfiksqfn ivwc AurdU ilpI ivwc Cwp cwukIaF hn. ienHF nUM lokI luqPL nfl pVHdy hn. Aus dy gfey gIqF dIaF kYstF vI cwldIaF hn.
Auh TIk hI kihMdf hY ik Aus df jnm pfiksqfn ivwc hoieaf, sLfierI ihMdusqfn ivwc kIqI, aqy buZfpf kYnyzf ivwc gujLr irhf hY. rmqf ijwQy vI hY lwgBg KLusL hY. pUrI qrHF KLusL, awj dy dOr ivwc kOx ho skdf hY?
rmqf akqUbr 1995 ivwc myry nfl pMjfb igaf. vwK-vwK sLihrF ivwc Aus nMU snmfnq kIqf igaf. keI sflF bfad lokF nMU iml ky Aus nMU bhuq KLusLI hoeI. 19 akqUbr, 95, nMU dorfhy rmqy ny afpxF progrfm pysL kIqf. do idn bfad luiDafxy pRoPYsr mohx isMG myly ivwc Aus ny kyvl iewk hI kivqf suxfeI, pr lokIN ZlI rfq qwk Aus nMU dubfrf suxn leI AuzIkdy rhy. ies myly ivwc Aus nMU Aus dI pMjfbI bolI dI syvf leI snmfnq kIqf igaf. aPLsos ies gwl df hY ik ijs idn ieh progrfm hoieaf, mYnUM Aus idn 104 izgrI buKfr sI. rmqy nMU myry Aus dy nfl nf jfx df duwK sI. smfgm qoN bfad Auh iswDf myry imwqr pMmI gryvfl dy Gr afieaf. mYN afrfm kr irhf sF. kihx lwgf, hor sB khfxI iPwt hY, pr duwK iewk gwl df hY. kfsL! lwlU lfl qMU vI myry nfl hMudf. Aus dIaF awKF nm sn. Aus ny ienfm vflLy pYisaF dI QYlI ivwcoN rkm kwZI qy myrI pqnI nMU kihx lwgf, QYlI qF mYN rwK lYxI aY, XfdfsLq vfsqy, ieh mfieaf qyry leI. qMU myrI DI ju hoeI.... sfzy nFh-nFh krn dy bfvjUd vI Auh pYsy dyxo nf tilLaf.
dUsry idn myrf iewk lyKk imwqr mYnUM imlx afieaf. Aus ny rmqy bfry iksy aKLbfr leI iewk lyK ilKxf sI. rmqf, afpxy Brf qy Aus dy twbr nMU imlx afpxy ipMz jmflpur jf cuwkf sI. Aus ny rmqy dy jIvn sMbMDI sfrI jfxkfrI mYQoN lY leI. myrf imwqr kihx lgf, bVy BfeI! kI rmqf swcI alIgVH XUnIvristI df grYjUeyt ey? myry idmfg ivwc rmqy dI amrIkf dy sLihr ipwtsbrg ivwc acfnk khI gwl, mYN alIgVH df XUnIvrst hF! GuMm rhI sI; mYnUM afpxy imwqr dI mfsUmIaq AuWqy qrs afieaf qy mYN kyvl muskrfky rih igaf.

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