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sfzf sUrmf lyKk ajmyr aOlK

sun surjIq pfqr dy / kulvMq isMG ivrk

 

- surjIq pfqr

myrI mMgxI qy myrf ivafh

 

- ajmyr isMG aOlK

ijLMdgI dy kuJ vrky
jdoN jlMDr pMjfb dI sfihqk rfjDfnI bixaf

 

- ipafrf isMG Bogl

bdly rMg smyN dy
pwQr ipGl gey

 

- bUtf isMG cOhfn

kbfielI swiBafcfr

 

 - aqrjIq

srdfrnI soBf isMG nUM Xfd kridaF

 

- hrbIr isMG BMvr

iek aBuwl Xfd
jy

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

mihk PuwlF dI

 

- hrpRIq syKf

Bwul gey hn kYnyzf rihMdy pMjfbI jwilHaFvflf bfg dI KUnI ivsfKI

 

- gurpRIq isMG

vwzy-vwzy asr vflIaF inwkIaF-inwkIaF gwlF

 

- suirMdrpfl isMG mMz

axpCfqy

 

- sMdIp Dnoaf

hflYNz dI myrI pihlI Xfqrf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

afp dIaF kuJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI iswDU ihMmqpurf

qy eydF Bly df aMq Blf hI hoieaf

 

- surjIq Bgq

nIly qfiraF dI mOq
 

- joigdr kYrON

mIl pwQr-afsf isMG msqfnf

 

- iekbfl mfhl

rfm gAU

 

- hrpRIq syKf

iewk imwTI Xfd

 

- blrfj sfhnI

asIN Bgq isMG dy kI lwgdy hF?

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

KLq

 

sMqoK DflIvfl

iqMn kivqfvF

 

zf blijMdr isMG syKoN

Drq knyzf

 

- kml kMg

mIzIaf

 

- gurivMdr mogf

PfVI qy KrbUjLf

 

- kyhr sLrIPL

bfzI iblizMg df hIrf

 

- irsLI gulftI

ivpsfa bya eyrIaf dI nvIN pRbMDkI kmytI inXukq / sLfier AulPLq bfjvf nUM sLrDFjlIaF, ivsLv pMjfbI sfihq - 4 aMk vfsqy rcnfvF Byjx leI swdf

 

- jgjIq nOsLihrvI

irport

 

- inrml isMG kMDflvI

pfiksqfn Xfqrf - 3

 

pRimMdr isMG soc

mfqf idljIq kOr pfrs nhIN rhy

qur igaf lok-pIVF df gLjLlgo

 

- amolk isMG

iek fm hIdF dy nfm

 

- guirMdr Zwt


pfiksqfn Xfqrf - 3

pRimMdr isMG soc

 

 

18 PrvrI 2006, idn sLnIvfr nUM lfhOr dy aYmbYszr hotl ivc pihlI aMqRrfsLtrI gurU nfnk hYrItyj afP ieMtrPyQ aMzrstYNizMg sd-Bfvnf aqy amn kfiem krn leI kfnPRMs hoeI, ijs ivc mYnUM vI sLfml hox df mOkf imilaf . ieh kfnPLRMs bVI sPLlqf nfl sMpn hoeI, ijs df pRbMD zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN, PfAUNizMg pRYjLIzYNt, sRI nnkfxf sfihb PfAUNzysLn aqy pfiksqfn isK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI slfhkfr kmytI dy cyarmYn, zfktr hrbMs lfl, PfAUNizMg vfeIs pRYjLIzYNt, sRI nnkfxf sfihb PfAUNzysLn aqy pRDfn akYzmI afPL gurU gRMQ stzIjL, XU aYs ey, zfktr jLPLr cImf, zfierYktr idafl isMG rIsrc aYNz klcrl Porm, lfhOr, jLulPLkfr alI kfjLmI, pRYjLIzYNt ieMtr rIlIijs aYNz ieMtrnYsLnl PYzrysLn Pfr vrlz pIs, pfiksqfn, seIXd aPLjLl hYdr, pfiksqfn isK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy kfnUMnI slfhkfr aqy pfiksqfn dy rih cuky vjLIr-ey-kfnUMn afid ivakqIaF ny sFJy Auprfly nfl kIqf igaf . ies kfnPRMs dI pRDfngI zfktr hrbMs lfl aqy zfktr jLPLr cImf, zfierYktr idafl isMG rIsrc aYNz klcrl Porm, lfhOr ny kIqI . sB qoN pihlF kfnPRMs nUM sMboDn kridaF zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN ny sRI nnkfxf sfihb PfAUNzysLn df ibErf idqf, ies vloN kIqIaF jdo jihdF, ies dIaF pRfpqIaF aqy pfiksqfn hkUmq vloN smyN smyN idqIaF imlvrqxF df ijLkr kIqf . AunHF dy BfsLn qoN spsLt huMdf sI ik AunHF dI ies mhfn kurbfnI sdkf aWj isK ikvyN pfiksqfn ivcly gurduafiraF dy KulHy drsLn dIdfr kr skdy hn.

mYnMU bVI cMgI qrHF Xfd hY ik jd mYN 1982 ivc pfiksqfn ivcly gurduafiraF dy drsLn krn igaf sI, qF isK XfqrIaF nUM isrP rfq dy hnyry ivc hI sPLr krn dI iejfjLq huMdI sI . Auh sfrf sfrf idn ryl gzI dy bMd zibaF ivc hI sPLr kr skdy sn, ijvyN ik Auh koeI bMdI hox jF mujrm . zfktr iZloN ny ieh vI disaf ik jdoN AunHF ny ies bfry pfiksqfn dy mrhUm sdr ijLaq-Aul-hk nUM disaf, Auh hYrfn vI hoey aqy AunHF ny isK XfqrIaF nfl kYdIaF vFg ho rhy slUk nUM qruq bMd krvf idqf . zfktr iZloN ies gl qoN vI sMkoc krdy hn ik ienHF sfrIaF pRfpqIaF krky AunHF dI injI qfrIPL nf kIqI jfvy, ikAuNik ies nfl insLfny qoN Auk jfeIdf hY . isrPL pRfpqIaF dI pRsLMsf krnI cfhIdI hY aqy aglIaF pRfpqIaF dy tIcy imQ ky AunHF nUM hor aWgy qorn leI Tos Auprfly krny cfhIdy hn .

ies kfnPRMs ivc hor bolfiraF ivc zfktr divMdr isMG cfhl, vYnkUvr, zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, sfbkf Aup kulpqI, gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI, aMimRqsr, zfktr inrml isMG, XU aYs ey, s: krqfr isMG bl, sLfrlYt, nfrQ kYrolfeInf, bIbI jsbIr kOr isMG afstrylIaf, zfktr Aujfgr isMG bfvf, vfisLMgtn, s: pRimMdr isMG soc, rfcYstr, XU aYs ey, bIbI sqnfm kOr, pRYjLIzYNt pfiksqfn isK vImnjL aYsosIeysLn, jnfb iejLhfr-Aul-hWk, aisstYNt sYktrI AukfPL borz, pfiksqfn, jnrl jLulPLIkfr alI KLfn, zfktr seIXd aPLjLl hYdr, jsits cuhfn, pMjfb hfeI kort, lfhOr, zfktr sLfiesqf nujLhq, brgyzIar mnmohn isMG, kYptn mnmohn isMG kohlI, jo dunIaF dI sB qoN AucI cotI aYvrst dy pihly isK hn, jnfb hrUn adIm, zfierYktr PUz aYNz bYvryj, brgyzIar (zfktr) sMgq isMG isaflI, lONg afeIlYNz, XU aYs ey, kuvYq qoN zfktr qyijMdr isMG, zfktr iekbfl kYsr, ijnHF ny bVI vzI Koj krky pfiksqfn ivc isK gurduafiraF Aupr iek pusqk ilKI hY aqy jo pMjfbI Koj Gr dy mYnyijMg trstI vI hn, afid sjx sLfml sn . ies kfnPRMs ivc sLfml hox leI sQfnk lok kfPLI vzI igxqI ivc sLfml hoey.

kOmI aqy lokl aKLbfrF, kOmI aqy lokl pDr dy tYlIvIjLn dy vWK vWK cYnlF dy numfieMdy vI ies mOky Auqy hfjLr sn . mYnUM injI qOr Auqy keI aKLbfr nvIsF, nfmf ingfrF aqy tYlIvijLn dy numfieMidaF nUM imlx df mOkf vI imilaf . ienHF ivc kuJ KLfs nfm ies pRkfr hn, ijvyN ik aYrI vn cYnl dy inAUjL pRozXUsr jnfb vfdUd musLqfk, jnfb PLrUk hfirs, jo dI sn aKLbfr ivc kflminst hn, jnfb milk PKIr, rojLfnf jMg aKLbfr, jnfb sLkIl aihmd, pRozXUsr ryzIE pfiksqfn, jnfb milk sjfd husYn, aKLbfr nvIs, rojLfnf alaKLbfr dy numfieMdy aqy lfhOr dy hor nfmvr nfmfingfr afid sjx sn .

ies ipCoN zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI dy rih cuky vfeIs cFslr, ny zfktr hrbMs lfl dI jfx pihcfx krvfeI . zfktr hrbMs lfl ny afpxy iek Koj pWqr ivc pfiksqfn ivc isWK ieiqhfs dy iek kFz nUM klmbMd krnf aqy Buly ivsry nukiqaF nUM iekTf krn ivc iek jfiejL isLkvy df iejLhfr kIqf . Auh ilKdy hn: sfnUM afpxy bIq cuky ieiqhfs dy pMinaF Auqy Jfq mfrn nfl iek gl XkInn njLr afAuNdI hY aqy ies gl nUM sfzy sfry ieiqhfskfrF ny kbUl vI kIqf hY . Auh ieh ik isK kOm ieiqhfs qF isrjdI hY aqy isrjdI vI bhuq suhxf hY pr Auh afpxy ieiqhfs nUM afp ilKdy nhIN . asIN hmysLF dUijaF dy rihm Auqy rhy hF ik Auh sfzI qvfrIKL ilKx aqy jF asIN iesnUM Pyr njLraMdfjL pey rihx idMdy hF . sfzf bhuqf sunihrI ieiqhfs ipCly qkrIbn sfZy pMj sO sflF qoN njLr aMdfjL ipaf hoieaf hY. hux jdoN kuJ KojIaF aqy ivdvfn ieiqhfskfrF ny iesnUM ilKxf cfihaf jF qF awDy pcWDy qQ sfhmxy afAuNdy hn aqy jF sWc aqy qWQF qoN dUr kuJ JUTI ijhI sfmgrI imldI hY . Auh iesy prcy ivc aWgy jf ky kihMdy hn ik hux asIN ies pRQf nUM qoVnf hY aqy afpxy ieiqhfs nUM ijAuN ijAuN GtnfvF vfprdIaF hn nflo nfl KLud ilKxf hY . BfvyN mYN ieiqhfskfr nhIN, pr Pyr vI mYN pfiksqfn ivc pey afpxy qfjLy ieiqhfs dy KipaF nUM pUrf krn leI pUrI vfh lfvFgf aqy mYnUM AumId hY ik mYN ies tutI lVI nUM agy qorn ivc kfmXfb hovFgf, ijs nUM sfzI kOm pihlF smyN isr pUrf nhIN kr skI .


zf: hrbMs lfl afpxf Koj pqr pysL krn ipCoN snmfn hfsl kr rhy hn

zfktr jLPLr cImF, zfierYktr idafl isMG rIsrc aqy klcrl Porm, lfhOr, jo bVy aflm PLfjLl sjx hn, ny sB qoN pihlF gurU nfnk sfihb dI bfxI ivcoN hvfly idMdaF sB nUM jIE afieaF afiKaf . AunHF ikhf ik hr sUrj pUrb vloN cVHdf hY . hr iek Blk aWj nfloN vDIaf hovygI . iesy qrHF pfiksqfn ivcly isK gurduafiraF df pRbMD aqy syvf sMBfl df kMm vI idn-b-idn byhqr hudf rhygf . afpxy Koj pqr ivc AunHF ny isWK gurduafiraF, pMjfbI sfihq aqy isK ieiqhfs df ijLkr kIqf . AunHF ny disaf ik idafl isMG lfiebryrI ivc pMjfbI aqy isWK ieiqhfs df bhu mulf KLjLfnf mihPLUjL ipaf hY . AunHF pfs isWK ieiqhfs nfl sMbDq keI hWQ ilKq nusKy vI hn . AunHF ny Koj nfl juVHy AunHF sfry ivakqIaF, ijhVy isK ieihfs nUM nvyN isry qoN isrjxf cfhuMdy hn, nUM pUrf Brosf idqf ik Auh isWK ieiqhfs nfl sbMDq sfrI sfmgrI rfhIN hr mumikn imlvrqx hmysLF idMdy rihxgy .

zfktr cImf ny cVHdy pMjfb dy pMjfbIaF nUM apIl kIqI ik Auh pMjfbI aqy isK ieiqhfs nfl sbMDq pusqkF AunHF dI lfibryrI nUM quhPLy vjoN dyx qF jo Auh AunHF nUM idafl isMG lfiebryrI ivc KojIaF dI vrqoN leI rWK skx . ies aihsfn bdly Auh afpxy pUrbI pMjfbI vIrF dy sLukrgujLfr rihxgy .

zfktr Aujfgr isMG bfvf, vfisLMgtn vfilaF ny afpxy prcy ivc pfiksqfn ivcly rih gey ieiqhfisk gurduafiraF dI hflq Auqy icMqf pRgt kIqI aqy afs pRgt kIqI ik pfiksqfn srkfr vkqn bvkqn ienHF dI XQf Xog syvf sMBfl krdI krvfAuNdI rhygI . AunHF ny zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN vloN kIqy jf rhy AuprfilaF dI vI pRsLMsf kIqI aqy afs pRgt kIqI ik syvf dI ieh lVI iesyqrHF jfrI rhygI .

pMjfb hfeI kort dy jsits cuhfn sfihb ny afpxI qkrIr ivc ikhf ik AunHF nUM isK Drm aqy ieslfm ivc koeI bhuqf aMqr njLr nhIN afAuNdf . AunHF ny sfry ivdvfnF dIaF qkrIrF df ijLkr kridaF ikhf ienHF dohF DrmF ivc bhuq sfrIaF sFJIaF glF hn . sfnUM Coty Coty mqBydF nUM hvf nhIN dyxI cfhIdI . AunHF ny bfby nfnk jI dI mWky vflI sfKI suxfeI aqy ikhf ik Auh iek rWb ivc XkIn rKdy sn . Auh iek inrMkfr dI iebfdq krn leI pRyrnf idMdy rhy . AunHF ny ikhf ik gurU nfnk vrgf pYNgbr koeI nhIN, ijs ny afpxy smyN hI qmfkU nUM burf ikhf sI jdoN ik sfry sMsfr nUM hux hosL afeI hY ik ieh iek burI cIjL hY . AunHF ny jpujI sfihb bfxI df ijLkr kridaF ikhf ik ieh svyr dI bfxI hY, jo idlo idmfgL nUM kfiem rKdI hY . muhbWq sB DrmF dI kuMjI hY . ieQy AunHF ny msLhUr aqy mrhUm sLfier eIsLr isMG eIsLr dI iek njLm df ijLkr vI kIqf, ijs ivc sLfier kihMdf hY muhbWq duaf hY aqy muhbWq KLudf hY . jsits cuhfn ny ikhf ik rWbI bMdy afps ivc kdy vI nhIN lVy, jy lVy hn qF rfjy, ijnHF nUM bfbf nfnk jI ny rfjy sLINh mukdm kuqy ikhf hY . jsits cuhfn sfihb sLyKUpury ivc sYsLn jj vI rhy hn aqy bVy aflm PLfjLl sLKs hn .


jsits cuhfn zfktr iZloN qoN snmfn pRfpq krdy hoey

zfktr seIXd aPLjLl hYdr, jo pfiksqfn dy rih cuky kfnUMn mMqrI hn aqy Aus idn Auh srIrk qOr Auqy kuJ iZly vI sn, afpxI msrUPIafq ivcoN vkq kZ ky Aucycy qOr Auqy ies kfnPRMs ivc sLrIk hoey . AunHF ny afpxI qkrIr ivc hfjLr lokF nUM KusLfmdId khI aqy ies kfnPRMs dI kfmXfbI leI sfiraF nUM aqy KLfs krky zfktr iZloN nUM mubfrkbfd idqI . AunHF ny ikhf ik AunHF dy Drm aqy bfbf nfnk jI dy Drm ivc koeI PLrk nhIN hY . sfnUM pfiksqfn ivc isK gurduafiraF dI syvf sMBfl df mOkf imilaf hY, ieh sfzy leI iek PLKLr vflI gl hY aqy asIN ieh iKLdmq iesyqrHF inBfAuNdy rhFgy . jy sfzy ivc koeI kmIaF hn qF asIN afpxy isK BfeIcfry dI mdd nfl AunHF nUM hl krn dI hr sMBv koisLsL krFgy . AunHF ny ieh vI disaf ik AunHF dI bygm bfbf PrId sLkrgMj vfilaf dI kul ivcoN hY . AunHF nUM ies gl Auqy nfjL hY ik isK Drm dy sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivc bfby PrId jI df klfm mihPUjL ipaf hoieaf hY . ies mOky Auqy AunHF ny AurdU ivc ilKI afpxI iek pusqk bfbf nfnk dIaF kuJ kfpIaF zfktr hrbMs lfl nUM qohPLy dy qOr Auqy idqIaF . ies pusqk dI iek kfpI AunHF ny mYnMU vI bKLsLI .


pfiksqfn dy sfbkf vjLIr-ey, kfnUMn zfktr seIXd aPLjLl hYdr snmfn hfsl kr rhy hn

kYptn mnmohn isMG kohlI, jo ihmflf dI sB qoN AucI cotI aYvrYst sr krn vfly pihly isWK hn ny afpxy prcy ivc disaf ik ik AunHF dy pUrvjF ny sRI gurU goibMd isMG sfihb jI qoN aMimRq Cikaf sI, jo bfad ivc cmkOr dI gVHI ivc sLhId vI ho gey sn . AunHF ikhf ik ardfs ivc bVI sLkqI hY . aj jy Auh jIAuNdy hn qF isrPL ardfs krky hI . 1947 dy iPLrkU PLsfdF dOrfn jd mOq AunHF dy sfry pirvfr dy isr Auqy mMzrf rhI sI aqy Auh kql kIqy jfx vfly hI sn qF AunHF dy ipqf ny sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI nUM hfjLr nfjLr smJky AunHF agy ardfs kIqI . aYn Ausy smyN brgyzIar aXUb KLfn ny AuQy phuMc ky AunHF nUM mOq dy mUMh ivcoN bcf ilaf . kYptn kohlI ihMdusqfn dI qksIm qoN pihlF hrIpur hjLfrf dy vsnIk sn . ieh ieko iek ngr hY, jo mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG ny jrnYl hrI isMG nlvf dI Xfd ivc vsfieaf sI . kYptn kohlI aksr pfiksqfn afieaf jfieaf krdy hn . Auh DrqI AunHF nUM afpxI DrqI lgdI hY, ijQy AunHF df bcpn gujLiraf, ijQy AunHF dy siqgurU df pRkfsL hoieaf . Auh DrqI isWKI df Durf hY, ijQy bfbf nfnk jI dy, jnm asQfn nUM CWz ky, anykF hor gurduafry hn . ijs DrqI dI imWtI dI Cuh hfsl krn leI isWK gurU sfihbfn, ijvyN ik sRI gurU arjn dyv jI aqy sRI gurU hrgoibMd sfihb jI KLud sRI nnkfxf sfihb dy drsLnF nUM gey .


kYptn mnmohn isMG kohlI, aYvrYst jyqU

kYptn kohlI ny zfktr hrbMs lfl nfl afpxI bcpn dI dosqI df ijLkr krridaF disaf ik zfktr lfl dy ipqf hrIpur hjLfrf ivc iek hrmn ipafry zfktr sn, jo grIbF aqy loVvMdF df muPLq ielfj kIqf krdy sn . Aus ngr ivc koeI vI iksy nUM, Drm jF ruqby krky, nPLrq nhIN sI krdf . sfry lok BrfvF vFg rihMdy sn . BfvyN Aus sLihr ivc KLflsf skUl sI, pr Auh sI sYkUlr, ijQy hr Drm dy bcy pUrI afjLfdI nfl qflIm hfsl krdy sn . AunHF disaf ik Auh hux vI Aus ngr jf rhy hn aqy afpxy nfl Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI, zfktr mnmohn isMG dI vzy afkfr dI qsvIr iljf rhy hn, jo Auh hrIpur hjLfrf dy hfeI skUl ivc tMg ky afAuxgy .

bIbI sqnfm kOr, pRDfn, pfiksqfn isWK vImn aYsosIeysLn, ny afpxy BfsLn ivc disaf ik AunHF nUM pfiksqfn ivc koeI musLkl pysL nhIN af rhI . isK bIbIaF ieQy pUry amn amfn aqy pUrI afjLfdI nfl rih rhIaF hn . qflIm dI loV Auqy jLor idMidaF AunHF ny mMg kIqI ik AunHF nUM isK ivrsy nfl joVn leI bfhr rihMdy isKF nUM Xog kdm cukxy cfhIdy hn . loVIdIaF pusqkF, gurbfxI dy gutky aqy hor gurmq sfihq afid muheIaf kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY . Aus ny ies mhqvpUrn aqy ieiqhfsk kfnPRMs Auqy KusLI df iejLhfr kIqf aqy bfhroN afey sfry mihmfnF nUM jI afieaF ikhf . Ausny ikhf ik Auh ies kfnPRMs qoN bhuq pRBfvq hoeIaF hn .

vYnkUvr, knyzf qoN afey zfktr divMdr isMG cfhl hurF ny pfvr puafieMt ivc iek bVI sLfndfr pRIjLYNtysLn idqI, jo ik bVI idlcsp rhI . AunHF ny pfiksqfn ivcly isK ieiqhfsk gurduafiraF df ijLkr kIqf aqy AunHF dy sunihrI ieiqhfs Auqy cfnxf pfieaf . AunHF ny pfiksqfn srkfr df qih idloN sLukrIaf kIqf jo Auh isKF dy ienHF pfvn asQfnF df iDafn rWK rhI hY . AunHF ny ieh isLkvf vI kIqf ik aWj kl gurU GrF ivc GtIaf iksm dI isafsq sLurU ho geI hY . isWK Drm dy pRcfr vl koeI iDafn nhIN idqf jf irhf, Aultf isK pRMprfvF dIaF DjIaF AuzfeIaF jf rhIaF hn . pRbMDkF df mnorQ kyvl ieko rih igaf hY ik Auh ikvyN DWky DoVy nfl isWK gurduafiraF Auqy kfbjL rih skdy hn .

afstrylIaf qoN afeI bIbI jsbIr kOr isMG, jo mltfeIPyQ aPyarjL XUnfeIitz isKjL dy aYgjLYkitv zfierYktr, nYsLnl koafezInytr Pfr mltfeIPyQ kONsl afstrylIaf, XunYsko klbjL ivktorIan koafrzInytr aqy isWK kONsl afP afstrylIaf dy mltfeIPyQ dy pRqIinD hn, ny isK Drm ivc aorqF dy mhqv pUrn rol Auqy cfnxf pfieaf aqy bVy PLKr nfl disaf ik isK Drm ivc aOrqF nUM brobrqf df drjf hfsl hY . AunHF ny afpxy sMXukq rfsLtr ivc idqy BfsLn df vI ijLkr kIqf aqy disaf ik isK aOrqF sfry sMsfr ivc ijQy ikqy vI hn pUry svYmfx vflf jIvn jIAUNdIaF hn . bIbI jsbIr kOr isMG, BfeI dXf isMG afstrylIaf vfilaF dI supqnI hn, jo afpxI invyklI iksm dy kIrqn krky sfry isWK jgq ivc iek AuGI aqy siqkfrXog sLKsIaq hn .


bIbI jsbIr kOr isMG snmfn pRfpq krdI hoeI

ienHF bulfiraF qoN ielfvf jnrl jLulPLIkfr alI KLfn, brgyzIar (zfktr) sMgq isMG isaflI, s: krqfr isMG bl, zfktr iekbfl kYsr aqy ies pusqk dy lyKk smyq keI hor nfmvr hsqIaF aqy aYmbYszr hotl dy PLUz aqy bYvrj dy zfierYktr jnfb hrUn ndIm ny vI iek bVI sLfndfr njLm suxfeI .

ies ipCoN kfnPRMs df dUsrf sYsLn sLurU hoieaf, ijsdI pRDfngI zfktr hrBjn isMG soc, sfbkf vfeIs cFslr, gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI, aMimRqsr ny kIqI . zfktr jLPLr cImf ny styj dI vfg zor sMBflidaF zfktr soc hurF dI jfx pihcfx krvfeI aqy AunHF nUM jI afieaF ikhf .

zfktr cImf ny zfktr sLfiesqf nujLhq df quafrPL krvfAuNidaF disaf ik AunHF df vfsqf pMjfb ieMstIcIAUt lYNgUeyj aYNz klcr nfl hY aqy jo sUPLI mq Auqy pI aYczI hn . zfktr sLfiesqf ny afpxI ivdvqf BrpUr qkrIr ivc sB qoN pihlF ies kfnPRMs dy pRbMDkF aqy Kfs krky zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN nUM iesdI kfmXfbI Auqy mubfrk idqI aqy ikhf ik sUPLI mWq rUhfnIaq df Auh skUl hY, ijs dI vrqoN nfl Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn dy sbMD cMgy ho skdy hn . AunHF ny ieh vI ikhf ik sUPLI mq dy lok dunIaF dy DrmF qoN bhuq Aucy AuTy hoey huMdy hn . Auh iek rWb ivc XkIn krdy hn aqy sfrI iensfnIaq nUM iek njLr nfl dyKdy hn . AunHF dy idlF ivc nPLrq nhIN huMdI aqy Auh iksy nUM ivqkry BrIaF njLrF nfl nhIN vyKdy . AunHF ny ikhf mnuKI srIr dI bxqr ieko jyhI huMdI hY . sfry ijsmF ivc iek hI qrHF dIaF hzIaF huMdIaF hn aqy AunHF dI igxqI vI ieko jyhI hI hMdI hY, vWD GWt nhIN . AunHF ny gurU nfnk sfihb dI jpujI bfxI dy mUl mMqr ivcoN do sLbdF inrBAu aqy inrvYr df ijLkr kIqf aqy ikhf ik sfnUM ienHF sLbdF qoN syD lYxI cfhIdI hY . ijvyN rWb inrBAu aqy inrvYr hY, iesyqrHF sfnUM mnuKF nUM vI inrBAu aqy inrvYr hoxf cfhIdf hY, ikAuNik mnuK rWb dI ikrq hY . BAu aqy vYr ieh dovyN vfiers hn, ieh bVI qyjLI nfl PYldy hn . ienHF nUM qurq Kqm kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY . ienHF nPLrq dy bIjF nUM sUPLI mq rfhIN Kqm kIqf jf skdf hY . sUPLI mq lokF nUM iek dUjy nfl gMZ skdf hY . Ausny ikhf ik bfbf PrId jmhUrIaq df pihlf pYgMbr sI . gurU nfnk sfihb, bfbf bulLf sLfh aqy vfirs vrgy rUhfnI sLfierF dI iensfnIaq nUM bVI aihm dyx hY . gurU nfnk sfihb ny qF sfry DrmF nUM ieky QF iekiTaF krky mnuK jfqI Auqy iek bhuq vzf aihsfn kIqf hY aqy sfnMU AunHF dy dsy hoey pUrinaF Auqy clxf cfhIdf hY .

iesy sYsLn ivc bolidaF zfktr inrml isMG ny afpxI qkrIr ivc ikhf ik BfvyN pfiksqfn iek musilm dysL hY, pr asLIN ienHF nfl dosqI vflf hWQ vDf rhy hF . BfvyN isKF dI igxqI ies mulk ivc bhuq GWt hY, pr asIN GWt huMidaF hoieaF vI GWt nhIN hF, ikAuNik hr iek isWK svf lWK dy brfbr huMdf hY . pfiksqfn ivclI imWtI ny bhuq Bgq pYdf kIqy hn . gurU nfnk jo srb DrmF df sFJf gurU sI, Aus ny vI ies muqbrk imtI ivc jnm ilaf . ies imWtI dy jLrry jLrry nUM isK gurUaF dI Cuh pRfpq hY . ieQy bysLumfr ieiqhfsk gurduafry hn . pfiksqfn isWK ieiqhfs df Durf hY . isWK ijLhnI qOr Auqy ienHF gurDfmF qoN kdy vI ivCiVaf nhIN . ihMdusqfn dI 1947 ivc qksIm hox qoN lY ky hux qk Auh afpxI rojL mrh dI ardfs ivc hmysLF ieh arjoeI krdf af irhf hY: hy akfl purK afpxy pMQ dy sdf shfeI dfqfr jIE! sLRI nnkfxf sfihb aqy hor gurduafiraF gurDfmF dy, ijnHF qoN pMQ nUM ivCoiVaf igaf hY, KulHy drsLn dIdfr aqy syvf sMBfl df dfn afpxy KLflsf jI nUM bKLsLo .

brgyzIar mnmohn isMG, jo jQydfr krqfr isMG Jbr dy poqry hn, Auh vI ies kfnPRMs ivc Aucycy qOr Auqy sdy gey sn . ieQy ieh dsxf jLrUrI hY ik jQydfr krqfr isMG Jbr dI dlyrI, kurbfnI, ijLMdfidlI aqy AunHF dI rx nIqI sdkf hI gurduafrf jnm asQfn sRI nnkfxf sfihb afcrxhIn mhMq nrfiex dfs dy kbjLy ivcoN afjLfd hoieaf sI .

brgyzIar mnmohx isMG ny afpxI qkrIr ivc nnkfxf sfihb ivKy gurduafrf jnm asQfn sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI aqy nfl lgdy hor gurduafiraF ivc Aus smyN dy mhMqF vloN kIqIaF jFdIaF kurIqIaF aqy afphudrIaF df ijLkr kIqf aqy disaf ik agsq 1917 eI: ivc mhMq ny gurduafry dI hWd aMdr mujrf krvfieaf aqy sLrfbF df syvn kIqf . iesyqrHF Auh smyN smyN afey sLrDflUaF dIaF DIaF BYxF dI iejLq lutdy rhy . ikvyN mhMqF ny BfeI lCmx isMG nUM jIAUNidaf hI jMz dy drKWq nfl puiTaF bMnH ky aqy QilEN aWg lgf ky sLhId kr idqf sI . AunHF ny afpxy dfdf jQydfr krqfr isMG Jbr dI Aus smyN dI lfimsfl dlyrI df ijLkr kIqf ik ikvyN AunHF ny mhMqF pfsoN gurduafry afjLfd krvfey . ieh pihlf mOkf sI ik zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN dy Audm nfl jQydfr krqfr isMG dy pirvfr dy iksy mYNbr nUM ZUMz ky Aus nUM ZukvyN qrIky nfl gurduafrf sRI nnkfxf sfihb ivKy snmfnq kIqf igaf hovy .


brgyzIar (rItfierz) mnmohn isMG snmfn hfsl krdy hoey


zfktr sLfiesqf nujLhq snmfn hfsl kr rhI hY


zfktr hrBjn isMG soc snmfn hfsl kr rhy hn

ies smyN jnfb hrUn adIm, jo ik aYmbYszr hotl ivc PUz aYNz bYvryj dy zfierYktr hn, ny iek bVI ZukvIN njLm pysL kIqI . AunHF dI njLm sux ky pqf lgdf hY ik AunHF ivc ikMnI pMjfbIaq leI ikMnf jjLbf hY aqy pMjfbIaF leI ikMnf ku drd hY . aMimRqf pRIqm dI msLhUr njLm awj afKF vfrs sLfh nUM ikqy kbrF ivcoN bol qoN bfad ieMJ jfipaf ik pMjfb dy aslLI sLfier aWj vI lihMdy pMjfb ivc jIAUNdy hn, ijnHF dy ihridaF aMdr pMjfb dI qksIm dy aWj vI jLKLm irs rhy hn . AunHF dI jjLbfqF nfl lbryjL njLm nUM sux ky sfry sroqy vfh vfh kr AuTy . myrI injI gujLfirsL Auqy AunHF ny mYnUM afpxI njLm Ausy vyly AurdU ilpI ivc ilK ky dy idqI. njLm ies pRkfr hY:

mF hmysLF mF rihMdI ey

mF hmysLF mF rihMdI ey
puqrF dy leI CF rihMdI ey .
vMzIaF pfvn vfly vMzIaF pfAuNdy ny
Auh vMzIaF pfAuNdy Qkdy nhIN
kOmF nslF
vMzF dy kohlU ivc pf ky gyVdy rihMdy
vMzIaF dy
inq nvIaF vMzF krdy rihMdy
KLusLIaF dI vMz
gLmIaF dI vMz
KvfbF qy sDrF dI vMz
vWKo vWKry musqWkbl qy kWl dI vMz
qihjLIbF qy klcr dI vMz
mfhIey bolI tWpy dI vMz
igDy, JuMmr luWzI dI vMz
ieko Gr dy puqrF dI vMz
nfnk dI vMz
bulyH qy bfhU dI vMz
ieh qyrI ieh myrI dI vMz
dosqI dI vMz
DrqI dI vMz
mF dI vMz
iPr ies vMz nUM muWK bxf ky
jMgF krdy
lhU vgFdy
ieko mF dy toty kr ky
afpxI afpxI mF bcFdy .

pr vMzF pfvn vfly sLfied Bul gey ny
puqr BfvyN vMzy jfvn
vWK ho jfvn
mF hmysLF mF rihMdI ey
puqrF dy leI CF rihMdI ey .

zfktr hrBjn isMG soc ny afpxy pRDfngI BfsLn ivc ies ieiqhfsk kfnPRMs dy pRbMDkF nUM ies mhfn Auprfly leI mubfrk idqI aqy ies ivc afpxy sLrIk hox nUM iek vzBfgI gl dsidaF KusLI df iejLhfr kIqf . AunHF ny pfiksqfn ivc afpxy pihly sPrF df ijLkr vI kIqf aqy ikhf ik AunHF nUM dohF mulkF dy siBacfr, lokF, mihmfn invfjLI, muhbWq aqy KLlUs ivc kdy vI koeI PLrk njLr nhIN afieaf . AunHF ny zfktr iZloN sfihb vloN pfiksqfn nfl cMgyry sbMD bnfAux leI kIqIaF koisLsLF aqy pRfpqIaF, Kfs krky pfiksqfn ivc rih gey gurduafiraF dy KulHy drsLn krvfey jfx dI srfhnf kIqI . AunHF dI pRDfngI hyT pysL hoey sfry Auc-pDrI Koj pyprF dI AunHF ny rj ky sLlfGf kIqI . AunHF ny zfktr jLPLr cImf, zfierYktr idafl isMG lfiebryrI, vloN pMjfbI sfihq aqy ivsLysL krky isWK ieiqhfs bfry kIqI jf rhI bhu mulI syvf dI sLlfGf kridaF ikhf ik asIN hmysLF quhfzy koloN aklF lYx leI pfiksqfn afAuNdy rhFgy . AunHF ny zfktr jLPLr cImf nUM cVHdy pMjfb dy pMjfbI lyKkF vloN vkqn bfvkqn imlvrqx dyx df Brosf idqf aqy ikhf ik Auh afpxy vloN AunHF nUM pMjfbI dIaF luVINdIaF pusqkF dI sUcI iBjvfAux leI hr Auprflf krngy . AunHF ny Bfrq pfiksqfn ivcly suDr rhy sbMDF Auqy vI KusLI pRgt kIqI aqy afs kIqI ik ieh sbMD sfihqk, siBafcfrk, ieiqhfsk, ividak aqy Dfrimk qOr Auqy idn bidn hor sOrngy . pMjfb pMj pfxIaF dI DrqI hY aqy ienHF pfxIaF ivc vsdy lok kdy vI vMzy nhIN jf skdy . aWj vI bfbf bulHy dy klfm nUM dohF pMjfbF ivc ivc vjd ivc af ky gfieaf jFdf hY .

zfktr iZloN sfihb srdfr krqfr isMG bl df bfr bfr ijLkr krdy rhy, ijhVy muZly idn qoN pfiksqfn ivcly gurduafiraF dI syvf sMBfl leI insLkfm syvf krdy rhy aqy hr kMm ivc mohrI ho ky jUJdy rhy . iZloN sfihb sfrIaF pRfpqIaF ipCy AunHF df hWQ dsdy rhy . AunHF ieh vI ikhf ik ienHF mlHF krky bl sfihb hI vDfeI dy hkdfr hn s: krqfr isMG bl sLfrlYt, nfrQ kYrolfeInf qoN Aucycy qOr Auqy phuMcy sn . srdfr bl pysLy dy qOr Auqy iek sPLl ieMjInIar hn aqy AunHF ny afpxy Kyqr ivc vI dysL ivdysL ivc anykF pRfpqIaF hfsl kIqIaF hn . BfeI sfihb vIr isMG dI ieh sqr AunHF Aupr pUrI qrHF ZukdI hY: myrI iCpy rihx dI cfh qy iCp tur jfx dI . ies sfry dy bfvjUd Auh bVy sfAU, inMmR aqy hsmuK suBfa dy mflk hn .

krnl cODrI hfimd alI KLfn
jy mYN ieQy krnl cODrI hfimd alI KLfn df ijLkr nf krF qF ies Xfqrf bfry hr khI gl aDUrI rih jfvygI . krnl cODrI hfimd alI KLfn dI idn rfq dI imhnq, AunHF dI hr dm imlvrqx qoN bgLYr ies kfnPRMs dI kfmXfbI mumikn nhIN sI . AunHF dy sfry amly dI hr smyN dI mihmfn invfjLI kfbly qfrIPL hY . AunHF ny zfktr gMgf isMG iZloN dy AuQy phuMcx qoN lY ky kfnPRMs dI smfpqI qk kfnPRMs ivc afey sfry mihmfnF dy ruKLsq hox qk byimsfl iKLdmq kIqI aqy ieh sfrf kuJ Auh iKVy mQy inBfhuMdy rhy .

iek idn AunHF ny afpxy Gr ivc sfnUM sfiraF nUM svyr dy Kfxy Auqy dfavq idqI . AunHF df ieh svyr df Kfxf iksy vI dupihr dy Kfxy qoN keI drjy vDIaf sI. Auh stYlIan ilimtz, lfhOr dy cyarmYn hn.

pMjfbI iksf kfiv ivc aOrq df asQfn
ies kfnPRMs ivc mYnUM iek nOjuafn mihlf pRoPYsr nfl imlx df ieqPLfk imilaf, jo pMjfbI iksf kfiv ivc aorq df sQfn Auqy pI aYczI kr rhI hY . Ausny afpxy QIss leI mYnUM ieMtrvIAU kIqf aqy kfPLI dfnsLmMdI vfly suafl kIqy . hIr, sohxI, sfihbF, sWsI, jLulYKLF, lUxf afid ny iksf kfiv ivc kI rol adf kIqf, ies bfry myrI rfie puCI . iksf kfiv ivc hr aorq bfry myrI rfey Aus nfl myl KfdI rhI, pr sfihbF bfry Aus dy aqy myry IKLafl myl nhIN sn Kfdy . Aus anusfr sfihbF afKLIr ivc imrjLy nUM DoKf dy ky afpxy BfeIaF qoN mrvf idMdI hY, jd ik myrI smJ muqfbk sfihbF df imrjLy nfl iesLk qoV qk iniBaf hY . BfvyN Auh myry nfl sihmq nhIN hoeI, pr mYN dsdf igaf ik ieh AuhI sfihbF hY, jo kfjLI koloN mdrsy ivc CmkF nfl kutINdI rhI hY . sLfier ies bfry iesqrHF ilKdf hY:

nf mfr kfjLI CmkF nf dy qWqI nUM qfey
pVHnf sfzf rih igaf mQy afey iesLk ilKfey .

ies leI ijhVI kuVI kfjLI dIaF CmkF dI buCfV Jl skdI hY, Auh ikvyN Aus leI mr nhIN skdI . ieQy hI bs nhIN sLfdI vflI rfq nUM Auh afp qF bxq bxf ky imrjLy nfl GroN Aus dI bWkI Auqy bYT ky inkl qurdI hY . aYsI sfihbF nUM asIN ikvyN DoKybfjL kih skdy hF ? nhIN kih skdy .

ies ipCoN mYN kfdr Xfr dy ilKy pUrn Bgq dy iksy aqy isLv kumfr btflvI dI ilWKI lUxf df Kfs qOr Auqy ijLkr kIqf aqy disaf ik isLv kumfr ny qvfrIK ivc ikvyN lUxf dI nuhfr hI bdl idqI hY . ijQy kfdr Xfr dI ikrdfr lUxf pRqI pfTk dI nPLrq vDx lg pYNdI hY, AuQy isLv kumfr btflvI dI ikrdfr lUxf pRqI pfTk dI hmdrdI vDx lg jFdI hY . lUxf qF Auho lUxf hY. pr hr sLfier AusnUM vWKo vWKry nukqy qoN vyKdf hY . iek AusnUM afpxy mqrey puqr vl afsLkfnf qkxI krky bdclx dsdf hY aqy dUsrf AusnUM afpxy pqI qoN asMqusLt rihx krky Ausdy juafn jjLbfqF dI kdr krdf hoieaf Aus ivc koeI buirafeI jF ayb nhIN vyKdf, sgoN Ausdf Bgq pUrn vl iKcy jfx nUM vfjb aqy kudrqI dsdf hY .

mYN Aus aiDafpkf df nfm ikqy kfgjLF ivc iliKaf guaf bYTf hF. pr Auh isLv kumfr btflvI dI ricq lUxf nUM pVHx leI pRyirq jLrUr ho geI .

ikMnf cMgf hovy jy dohF bolIaF, gurmuKI aqy AurdU, ivc iliKaf sfrf pMjfbI sfihq, ihMdusqfn aqy pfiksqfn dy pMjfbI ilK pVH skx . ies nfl KojIaF, aiDafpkF aqy ividafrQIaF nUM byhd lfB ho skdf hY .

pMjfb XUnIvristI, lfhOr, gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI, aMimRqsr, pMjfbI XUnIvristI, pitaflf, pMjfb XUnIvristI, cMzIgVH aqy pMjfbI sfihq nfl hor sbMDq XUnIvristIaF nUM ies idsLf vl asrdfiek, ZukvyN aqy Tos Auprfly krny cfhIdy hn, qF jo dohF mulkF df pMjfbI sfihq dohF dysLF dy loVvMd lokF nUM suKYn hI iml sky . ieh gl sfnUM kdy vI nhIN ivsrnI cfhIdI ik pMjfbI adb, pMjfbI jLubfn, pMjfbIaq aqy pMjfbI siBafcfr dohF dysLF df sFJf hY, sLFJf sI aqy hmysLF hmysLF sLFJf rhygf

mYN Aus nUM ieh vI disaf ik gurU bfbf nfnk ny afpxy klfm ivc aOrqF nUM hmysLF siqkfr vflf QF idqf hY . isK Drm ivc aorq mukMml qOr Auqy afjLfd hY aqy AusnU pUry hUk hfsl hn . bfbf nfnk jI ny qF spsLWt qOr Auqy afpxI bfxI ivc Aus smyN aOrqF dI pqlI hflq bfry ieh bcn kIqf sI:

so ikAu mMdf afKIaY ijq jMmy rfjfn

Bfv ijhVI aorq rfijaF, bfdsLfhF, pIrF, pYgLMbrF nUM jnm idMdI hY, Auh ikvyN mMdI ho skdI hY, Auh qF sgoN Auqm hY .

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